Permanent constitution for Sudan requires the Demise of the NCP regime

Permanent constitution for Sudan requires the Demise of the NCP regime

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

This article comes against the backdrop of the decision of the Sudanese parliament to approve amendments in the 2005 Constitution and rejected by the components of the political opposition both civil and armed.  It is noteworthy that on Tuesday, April 25, 2017, the Sudanese parliament passed a resolution of constitutional amendments on public freedoms, forcing even the other Muslim Brotherhood Movement (MBM) faction in Sudan the Popular Congress Party (PCP), known for its positions in support of the national dialogue, to announce its acquittal. Moreover, the amendments, in general, have retained the powers of the security apparatus –the notorious so-called   National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS), which the opposition rejects in all its forms because they have exceeded the proposals made by political forces that participated in the ‘National Dialogue-Wathba Dialogue’ calling for reducing these powers and limiting the functions of the (NISS) in collecting and analyzing information. Here, reality thinking is in short supply in the (NCP) regime household chaired by the Génocidaires Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir to the detriment of the Sudanese nation Victim of the rule of fools and reckless daredevils.

The foregoing call for the demise of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) before consensus on the permanent constitution of Sudan did not come from a vacuum. It came because Omar al-Bashir’s assumption of power in Sudan does not foresee a democratic system which would represent a threat to Omar al-Bashir who is wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). Thus, Bashir and his entourage work tirelessly Day and Night with all the strength for the continuation of the arbitrariness for the sake of lifelong rule for their genocidal Master of Grace, to avoid his arrest and trial in The Hague, as happened to his ilk other dictators such as Laurent Gbagbo of Republic of Côte d’Ivoire,  Hussein Habre of Chad, Germaine Katanga of  the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), former Yugoslavia Serbian war criminals leaders indicted and tried by the ICC such as Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadzic and Charles Taylor the first African president to be prosecuted at an international court where he has been found guilty of aiding and abetting war crimes and crimes against humanity for supporting rebels who carried out atrocities in Sierra Leone in return for “blood diamonds”. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/26/charles-taylor-guilty-war-crimes

Thus, Omer al-Bashir’s whim for being in power of Sudan for life preoccupies his thinking day and night as a savior from the predicaments that await him at the prison cells at The Hague in the Netherlands and causing him panicky all the time. So, Bashir finds some reassurance and consolation from his presence in power to rule what remained of the land and people of Sudan.

The amendments to the Constitution, in general, have retained the powers of the security apparatus, which the opposition rejects in all its forms because they have exceeded the proposals made by political forces that participated in the national dialogue calling for reducing these powers and limiting the functions of the security apparatus i(NISS) n collecting and analyzing information.

The drafting of a Permanent Constitution for Sudan requires a plethora of important groundbreaking moves among the most important of which is achieving just, comprehensive and lasting peace that would bringing the criminals to justice to face the predicaments of the atrocious crimes they have perpetrated in the rights of the people of the country since the ill-fated coming into the helm through military coup d’ état three decades ago. Among other crucial requirements is unfettered return of the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), refugees and immigrants to their original homes and Hawakeer in the regions to participate in the development process. This obviously includes removal of the foreigners imported by the (NCP) regime to occupy the land of the native Sudanese citizens with a view to bring about groundbreaking demographic change of the Darfur region which the regime considers the indigenous population as its archenemies and supporters of the rebel movements.

Omer al-Bashir’s dictated orders of ‘permanent constitution is nothing more than his infamous Wathba dialogue that meant to distract the Sudanese people and the political opposition away from the basic issues that concern the citizen more. The Wathba Dialogue has contributed into extending the life of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) for more than three years that have been added to the survival of Omar al-Bashir in the rule of Sudan for the lean 28 years l Noting that Omer Bashir’s neverending national dialogue- aka Wathba Dialogue – started since its inception on January 27, 2014 so far. As it is known globally that the International Criminal Court (ICC) has issued two arrest warrants in 2009 and 2010, against the Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir for crimes against humanity, war crimes and the organization of “genocide and other atrocities” in the Darfur region, western Sudan.  Moreover, the successive visits to countries outside Sudan by Omar al-Bashir became a symbol of criminality and fugitiveness from the international justice. With all the foregoing degree of criminality, Omer al-Bashir in view to his lack of insight and foresight, dares to call on the Sudanese people to participate in drafting a permanent constitution, bearing in mind that he and his entourage undermined Sudan’s constitution and overthrew the democratically elected government in which the National Islamic Front (NIF) as a political party was part of that coalition government in 1989 during the military coup led by Omar al-Bashir. The most important and difficult question to answer is as to how confident the people of Sudan are and assured that the ruling regime of the NCP  would fulfill the promise that it will implement what is included in the permanent constitution to be drafted.

Questions continue to elicit reassuring answers, including how much the Sudanese political opposition parties and the armed movements have trusts on Omar al-Bashir’s commitment to covenants to fulfill what is agreed upon because previous experiences of the peace agreements were not met by the National Congress Party regime, led by Omar al-Bashir who is now unashamedly calling on the opposition forces to join his ranks for the Sudan’s New Permanent constitution draft agreement.

The US court has certified testimony from witnesses who said Sudan continued to provide support and shelter to Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda network, which carried out attacks on embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, which killed 200 people, including 12 Americans, in 1998. Sudan pays an astronomical sum of $ 7.3 billion to the relatives of the American victims and others. Thus, the existence of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party in Sudan is a disaster for both citizens today and future generations. But the strange thing is that the Sudan stopped attending the hearings and completely ignored the case after that. The judge expressed his astonishment at the emergence of Sudan after a month of the sentences, and his surprise at the request of Sudan to repeal these provisions! Oh God, it is not the time for gloating, because the amount of the money required to pay for the victims of the al-Qaeda bombings will be deducted from the livelihood of the oppressed Sudanese citizen who suffer the woes of civil wars and injustice.

On the other side and as Ayesha al-Basri said Omar al-Bashir’s successive visits to countries despite his indictment by the (ICC) for the crimes he has perpetrated against the Sudanese citizens in Darfur are a blow to the victims and contempt for justice.

The NCP regime and the Darfuri armed movements, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and Sudan Liberation Movement of Minni Minnawi (SLM-MM) along with  the National Umma Party (NUP) in August 2016 signed the African Union brokered the Roadmap Agreement, a framework for a political process to end the war and achieve democratic reforms. As expected,  the NCP regime created obstacles to reach to an agreed  cessation of hostilities with a view to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian relief to Sudanese citizens in places of conflict and war zones. Instead, the regime as expected put forward its hidden agenda,  the so-called the outcome of an internal dialogue process and called it the ’National Document’. The armed opposition, as expected, dismissed this document and said it never meant anything to them and they stuck to the need to implement the Roadmap which Khartoum categorically dismissed.

The (NCP) regime Security apparatus, the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) continues arbitrarily arresting opposition figures for expressing their opinion regarding the human rights violation that the entity commits against the legitimate rights of political opposition. The recent detention of Ibrahim al-Shiekh and his colleague Abubakr Yousif Babiker both from Sudanese Congress Party (SCoP) for their support for the Darfur Student who resigned from the University of Bakht aL Ruda which is a blatant violation of the transitional Constitution of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)/ Naivasha Agreement of   the year 2005. Ironically, Omer al-Bashir has been tirelessly working to get rid of that constitution which addressed the freedoms and the democratic process for Sudan prior to the secession of the South Sudan State. His regime is now trying through his unelected parliament to convert the 2005 constitution into a (NCP) preferred so-called ‘Permanent Constitution to suit his one party rule under dictatorship.

The NCP regime chaired by Omer al-Bashir is no stranger to outrageous long lasting damaging decisions that would contravene the peaceful living of the people of Sudan through revocation of covenants and reneging negotiated, agreed and signed peace agreements with the parties in dispute. Furthermore, Omer al-Bashir and his regime cannot be relied on to reach a just and sustainable peace that will stop the Janjaweed waged proxy warfare and restore security and stability for the people of Sudan in Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, the Blue Nile, Eastern Sudan, and all the other parts of the country affected by the ravages of wars.

No to NCP Constitution

The Sudanese people remain opposed to any constitution approved by the National Congress Party (NCP) parliament backed by semi-parties formed by the ruling regime led by Omar al-Bashir.

Before the ending of this article, it is necessary and our duty to give a voice of thanks and praise to Sheikh Yaqut and the people of his village in the reception and hospitality of more than 1200 students from Darfur at the University of Bakht al-Ruda who have made mass resignations from the university for the treatment of racism by the University Administration. Moreover, the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) of the Government of the National Congress Party (NCP) denied their entry to the National Capital of Sudan Khartoum. The Security elements passed threats to Sheikh Yaqut and the people of the Village for hosting the students. However, Sheikh Yaqut and the citizens of his village went ahead with the hospitality of the students, despite the threat from the security services. By doing so, they presented a rare form of devotion for patriotism and humanity. In conclusion, we have to chant, saying Long Live the struggle of the Sudanese people land Long Live the sincerity of Sheikh Yaqut and the struggles of the people of the village of Sheikh Yaqut!

There remains an important question that waits for an answer as to how we trust and be certain that those who had previously undermined the Constitution of Sudan after their coup against a democratic government would come up with a Permanent Constitution for Sudan? Here as if we were expecting the wolf and the hyena to take care of our goats and sheep or out of the frying pan into the fire!

Winona LaDuke the American environmentalist, economist, and writer, known for her work on tribal land claims and preservation, as well as sustainable development has been quoted as saying: (Mother Earth needs us to keep our covenant. We will do this in courts, we will do this on our radio station, and we will commit to our descendants to work hard to protect this land and water for them. Whether you have feet, wings, fins, or roots, we are all in it together).
https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/w/winonaladu644072.html?src=t_covenant

Barbara Levy Boxer the American politician who served as a United States Senator from California 1993 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives 1983 to 1993 has been quoted as saying: (We know no document is perfect, but when we amend the Constitution, it would be to expand rights, not to take away rights from decent, loyal Americans. This great Constitution of ours should never be used to make a group of Americans permanent second-class citizens. )
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/b/barbarabox167653.html?src=t_constitution

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

 Sudan has not Yet Met all Commitments towards Five Track Engagement Plan for Permanent US Sanction lifting

 Sudan has not Yet Met all Commitments towards Five Track Engagement Plan for Permanent US Sanction lifting

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

This article coincides with the date set by the Executive Order (EO) issued by the former President of the United States Barack Obama to lift trade and economic sanctions on Sudan if the conditions are met by the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) led by the genocidal criminal and the fugitive from international justice and wanted by International Criminal Court (ICC) Marshall Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir.

Former US President Barak Obama signed an Executive Order (EO)  number 13761 on Friday 12 January 2017 easing but not eliminating sanctions against Sudan providing temporary relief from many U.S. sanctions against Sudan that have been in effect for almost 20 years. At the time, the eased sanctions will enable trade and investment transactions to resume with Sudan, a U.S.-designated terrorism sponsor whose leader has been indicted on crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide charges against the Sudanese civilian population in the region of Darfur. The White House announced the decision as part of a five-track engagement process. Nevertheless, former US President Obama built in a six-month waiting period before the benefits for Sudan go into effect. By July Wednesday 12, 2017 several U.S. agencies would have to affirm to the White House — which will be controlled by President-elect at the time Donald Trump — that Sudan is continuing taking positive steps before the sanctions would be eased. The five-track engagement process was set to include:

  • a marked reduction in offensive military activity, culminating in a pledge to maintain a cessation of hostilities in conflict areas in Sudan
  • steps toward the improvement of humanitarian access throughout Sudan,
  • cooperation with the United States on addressing regional conflicts and the threat of terrorism

Obama indicated in his (EO) that the penalties being suspended by the policy change could be re-imposed if Sudan backtracks on the progress it has made. Furthermore, the (EO) order also directed the US government to produce an annual report on whether Sudan was upholding the positive steps it has taken. Expectedly, Human Rights Watch called the decision “inexplicable” and said Sudan continues committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. “The Obama administration is sending the worst possible message to Sudan and other repressive governments: If you cooperate on counterterrorism, then all abuses — including by your president — will be ignored,” said the group’s Africa director, Leslie Lefkow.

Officials in the Former US President Obama said the administration was keeping in place the broad set of economic and financial sanctions Sudan faces as a result of its “state sponsor of terrorism” designation. It is noteworthy that the US State Department first labeled Sudan a terrorism sponsor in 1993. Among the terrorist groups Sudan harbored included Osama bin Laden, founder of Al-Qaeda that prompted the US President Bill Clinton to launch airstrikes on Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum in On 20 August 1998, the factory was destroyed in cruise missile strikes launched by the United States military allegedly in retaliation for the truck bomb attacks on its embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya on 7 August 1998.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Shifa_pharmaceutical_factory

So far, President Donald Trump hasn’t commented publicly about Sudan sanctions. But during the campaign, Walid Phares, who advised Trump on national security issues, suggested Trump was opposed to lifting sanctions on Sudan. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/01/13/obama-executive-order-easing-sanctions-sudan/96543266/

The human rights community has long blasted Khartoum government for its conduct in Darfur and treatment of various ethnic groups.

The Bipartisan Group of Lawmakers Urge White House to Delay Sudan Sanctions Relief.

http://www.publicnow.com/view/D7FC95146BA5F67B71415EA747E17629C1EF0D5C?2017-07-05-22:00:14+01:00-xxx977

U.S. Congressmen Randy Hultgren (R-IL) and Jim McGovern (D-MA), co-chairs of the bipartisan Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, and Representatives Barbara Lee (D-CA), and Tom Rooney (R-FL) led a bipartisan letter this week calling on President Trump to delay lifting sanctions on Sudan for one year or until the Trump Administration has fully staffed the State Department and National Security Council and named a Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan who can conduct a thorough and objective review. The lawmakers specifically cite unimpeded humanitarian access and cessation of hostilities in Sudan as key priorities where progress must be made for sanctions relief to be considered.

George Clooney and John Prendergast say An American Lobbying Firm Is Helping Sudan Vile Regime led by Bashir http://time.com/4847706/george-clooney-sudan-lobbying/

On Jul 06, 2017 George Clooney and John Prendergast, reported in an article http://time.com/4847706/george-clooney-sudan-lobbying/

Indicating that earlier this summer, K Street law and lobbying firm Squire Patton Boggs inked a contract with the Sudanese government aimed at removing U.S. sanctions on that regime. The firm will be paid $40,000 a month by a government that’s on the U.S. state sponsors of terror list, with a head of state, Omar al-Bashir, wanted for genocide by the International Criminal Court (ICC). In their article, George Clooney and John Prendergast said that: (Over the last four administrations, Congress has led bipartisan U.S. efforts to isolate the Sudan regime. So it’s surprising that Squire Patton Boggs, a firm that includes in its senior ranks former House Speaker John Boehner and former senators Trent Lott and John Breaux, has taken on this account. Given the exemplary service these men have performed for our country, it must mean that they simply don’t know. Either they don’t know that their firm is taking $40,000 a month from the government of Sudan, or they don’t know what this regime has done.

I have added the following statements to the foregoing:

The “cash-for-Lobbying affair” deserves condemnation in the strongest terms.

It is regrettable that the US Company involved itself in the scandal for Sudan’s NCP regime Sanction Lifting. The American company owned by former Congressmen interfered in the lifting the decades long trade and financial sanctions on the former National Islamic Front (NIF) and the current National Congress Party (NCP) genocidal regime which  ruled Sudan with iron fist and terror and colluding with it the NCP is nothing but scandalous.  The way in which these payments were received and concealed fell well below the standards expected of company owned by former members of the US Congress. This obviously must have to be seen as a disingenuous attempt at concealment. Lies told by an American Firm in lieu of bribes paid and the result is fateful Peril of NCP regime getting strengthened to commit more atrocious crimes against civilian populations in Darfur. An avalanche of condemnation is justified for the lobbying company by the disenfranchised people of Sudan against such an unacceptable scandal from a company owned by former members in the US Congress. So far evidence has shown that the company has solicited business for the NCP regime in expectation of commission payments monthly amounting to thousands of US$. The conduct of the owners of the Company has fell seriously below the standards which the Congress is entitled to expect and if they had still been Members the Congress would have recommend a substantial period of suspension from the service of the House. It seemed a subterfuge on the part of the company to keep a blind eye on the cause of people surviving from an ordeal where they were subjected to crimes of genocide in the Western region of Darfur. The company hey had tried to influence US Administration of President Donald Trump to lift the decades-long trade and economic sanction imposed by former President Bill Clinton in 1997 in exchange for money paid by the NCP regime, led by the genocidal criminal, fugitive from international justice indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague in the Netherlands, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir.

Regarding the claim of low intensity of rebellion in the Darfur region is a (GoS) fabrication and is denied by evidence and refuted by the fierce fighting erupted between the militias of the Rapid Support Force (RSF) with the Sudan Liberation Army/ Movement (SLA/M) led by Minni Minnawi in May 2017 in the states of North, South and Central Darfur. Moreover, on the human rights and general freedom issue, the NCP security apparatus continues arresting journalists and human right defenders and subjecting them in prisons where arbitrary measures of torture are carried on by the notorious so-called National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). Worse is the authority bestowed by al-Bashir on the former Janjaweed tribal militia, cloned and renamed the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) led by Mohammed Hamdan Dagolo, commonly known as “Hemeti. Hemeti is a former Janjaweed Commander, now promoted to a Lieutenant General. It is noteworthy that the RSF leader receives orders from President Omer al-Bashir directly and in coordination with the security apparatus (NISS), but it is by no means subordinate to the formal Sudanese Army, the Sudan Armed Force (SAF)!

The question now is whether the administration of President Donald Trump will listen to the voice of reason and make the right decision to continue the sanctions imposed on the NCP ruling regime, which remains in violation of all the five conditions contained in the Executive Order issued by his predecessor Barack Obama?

Tom Allen the English comedian, actor, and writer has been quoted as saying: (Despite the increase in world attention toward Sudan in the past months, the genocide in Darfur has continued without any serious attempt by the Sudanese government to do what governments primarily exist to do, protect their citizens.)
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/darfur.html

 

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/