Sudan has not Yet Met all Commitments towards Five Track Engagement Plan for Permanent US Sanction lifting

 Sudan has not Yet Met all Commitments towards Five Track Engagement Plan for Permanent US Sanction lifting

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

This article coincides with the date set by the Executive Order (EO) issued by the former President of the United States Barack Obama to lift trade and economic sanctions on Sudan if the conditions are met by the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) led by the genocidal criminal and the fugitive from international justice and wanted by International Criminal Court (ICC) Marshall Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir.

Former US President Barak Obama signed an Executive Order (EO)  number 13761 on Friday 12 January 2017 easing but not eliminating sanctions against Sudan providing temporary relief from many U.S. sanctions against Sudan that have been in effect for almost 20 years. At the time, the eased sanctions will enable trade and investment transactions to resume with Sudan, a U.S.-designated terrorism sponsor whose leader has been indicted on crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide charges against the Sudanese civilian population in the region of Darfur. The White House announced the decision as part of a five-track engagement process. Nevertheless, former US President Obama built in a six-month waiting period before the benefits for Sudan go into effect. By July Wednesday 12, 2017 several U.S. agencies would have to affirm to the White House — which will be controlled by President-elect at the time Donald Trump — that Sudan is continuing taking positive steps before the sanctions would be eased. The five-track engagement process was set to include:

  • a marked reduction in offensive military activity, culminating in a pledge to maintain a cessation of hostilities in conflict areas in Sudan
  • steps toward the improvement of humanitarian access throughout Sudan,
  • cooperation with the United States on addressing regional conflicts and the threat of terrorism

Obama indicated in his (EO) that the penalties being suspended by the policy change could be re-imposed if Sudan backtracks on the progress it has made. Furthermore, the (EO) order also directed the US government to produce an annual report on whether Sudan was upholding the positive steps it has taken. Expectedly, Human Rights Watch called the decision “inexplicable” and said Sudan continues committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. “The Obama administration is sending the worst possible message to Sudan and other repressive governments: If you cooperate on counterterrorism, then all abuses — including by your president — will be ignored,” said the group’s Africa director, Leslie Lefkow.

Officials in the Former US President Obama said the administration was keeping in place the broad set of economic and financial sanctions Sudan faces as a result of its “state sponsor of terrorism” designation. It is noteworthy that the US State Department first labeled Sudan a terrorism sponsor in 1993. Among the terrorist groups Sudan harbored included Osama bin Laden, founder of Al-Qaeda that prompted the US President Bill Clinton to launch airstrikes on Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum in On 20 August 1998, the factory was destroyed in cruise missile strikes launched by the United States military allegedly in retaliation for the truck bomb attacks on its embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya on 7 August 1998.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Shifa_pharmaceutical_factory

So far, President Donald Trump hasn’t commented publicly about Sudan sanctions. But during the campaign, Walid Phares, who advised Trump on national security issues, suggested Trump was opposed to lifting sanctions on Sudan. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/01/13/obama-executive-order-easing-sanctions-sudan/96543266/

The human rights community has long blasted Khartoum government for its conduct in Darfur and treatment of various ethnic groups.

The Bipartisan Group of Lawmakers Urge White House to Delay Sudan Sanctions Relief.

http://www.publicnow.com/view/D7FC95146BA5F67B71415EA747E17629C1EF0D5C?2017-07-05-22:00:14+01:00-xxx977

U.S. Congressmen Randy Hultgren (R-IL) and Jim McGovern (D-MA), co-chairs of the bipartisan Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, and Representatives Barbara Lee (D-CA), and Tom Rooney (R-FL) led a bipartisan letter this week calling on President Trump to delay lifting sanctions on Sudan for one year or until the Trump Administration has fully staffed the State Department and National Security Council and named a Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan who can conduct a thorough and objective review. The lawmakers specifically cite unimpeded humanitarian access and cessation of hostilities in Sudan as key priorities where progress must be made for sanctions relief to be considered.

George Clooney and John Prendergast say An American Lobbying Firm Is Helping Sudan Vile Regime led by Bashir http://time.com/4847706/george-clooney-sudan-lobbying/

On Jul 06, 2017 George Clooney and John Prendergast, reported in an article http://time.com/4847706/george-clooney-sudan-lobbying/

Indicating that earlier this summer, K Street law and lobbying firm Squire Patton Boggs inked a contract with the Sudanese government aimed at removing U.S. sanctions on that regime. The firm will be paid $40,000 a month by a government that’s on the U.S. state sponsors of terror list, with a head of state, Omar al-Bashir, wanted for genocide by the International Criminal Court (ICC). In their article, George Clooney and John Prendergast said that: (Over the last four administrations, Congress has led bipartisan U.S. efforts to isolate the Sudan regime. So it’s surprising that Squire Patton Boggs, a firm that includes in its senior ranks former House Speaker John Boehner and former senators Trent Lott and John Breaux, has taken on this account. Given the exemplary service these men have performed for our country, it must mean that they simply don’t know. Either they don’t know that their firm is taking $40,000 a month from the government of Sudan, or they don’t know what this regime has done.

I have added the following statements to the foregoing:

The “cash-for-Lobbying affair” deserves condemnation in the strongest terms.

It is regrettable that the US Company involved itself in the scandal for Sudan’s NCP regime Sanction Lifting. The American company owned by former Congressmen interfered in the lifting the decades long trade and financial sanctions on the former National Islamic Front (NIF) and the current National Congress Party (NCP) genocidal regime which  ruled Sudan with iron fist and terror and colluding with it the NCP is nothing but scandalous.  The way in which these payments were received and concealed fell well below the standards expected of company owned by former members of the US Congress. This obviously must have to be seen as a disingenuous attempt at concealment. Lies told by an American Firm in lieu of bribes paid and the result is fateful Peril of NCP regime getting strengthened to commit more atrocious crimes against civilian populations in Darfur. An avalanche of condemnation is justified for the lobbying company by the disenfranchised people of Sudan against such an unacceptable scandal from a company owned by former members in the US Congress. So far evidence has shown that the company has solicited business for the NCP regime in expectation of commission payments monthly amounting to thousands of US$. The conduct of the owners of the Company has fell seriously below the standards which the Congress is entitled to expect and if they had still been Members the Congress would have recommend a substantial period of suspension from the service of the House. It seemed a subterfuge on the part of the company to keep a blind eye on the cause of people surviving from an ordeal where they were subjected to crimes of genocide in the Western region of Darfur. The company hey had tried to influence US Administration of President Donald Trump to lift the decades-long trade and economic sanction imposed by former President Bill Clinton in 1997 in exchange for money paid by the NCP regime, led by the genocidal criminal, fugitive from international justice indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague in the Netherlands, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir.

Regarding the claim of low intensity of rebellion in the Darfur region is a (GoS) fabrication and is denied by evidence and refuted by the fierce fighting erupted between the militias of the Rapid Support Force (RSF) with the Sudan Liberation Army/ Movement (SLA/M) led by Minni Minnawi in May 2017 in the states of North, South and Central Darfur. Moreover, on the human rights and general freedom issue, the NCP security apparatus continues arresting journalists and human right defenders and subjecting them in prisons where arbitrary measures of torture are carried on by the notorious so-called National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). Worse is the authority bestowed by al-Bashir on the former Janjaweed tribal militia, cloned and renamed the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) led by Mohammed Hamdan Dagolo, commonly known as “Hemeti. Hemeti is a former Janjaweed Commander, now promoted to a Lieutenant General. It is noteworthy that the RSF leader receives orders from President Omer al-Bashir directly and in coordination with the security apparatus (NISS), but it is by no means subordinate to the formal Sudanese Army, the Sudan Armed Force (SAF)!

The question now is whether the administration of President Donald Trump will listen to the voice of reason and make the right decision to continue the sanctions imposed on the NCP ruling regime, which remains in violation of all the five conditions contained in the Executive Order issued by his predecessor Barack Obama?

Tom Allen the English comedian, actor, and writer has been quoted as saying: (Despite the increase in world attention toward Sudan in the past months, the genocide in Darfur has continued without any serious attempt by the Sudanese government to do what governments primarily exist to do, protect their citizens.)
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/darfur.html

 

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

 

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Today Friday the 30th June 2017 marks the 28th Anniversary of the National Islamic Front Coup in Sudan

Today Friday the 30th June 2017 marks the 28th Anniversary of the National Islamic Front Coup in Sudan

اليوم الجمعة 30 يونيو 2017 يصادف الذكرى ال 28 لانقلاب الجبهة القومية الإسلامية في السودان

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

The Friday, June 30, 2017 marks the 28th anniversary of the military Coup d’état, led by the notorious National Islamic Front (NIF), the global Muslim Brotherhood Movement (MBM) which undermined the democratically elected government in Sudan to litter the land with corruption, genocidal killing, displacement and impoverishment. During their reign Sudan became a rogue and pariah state in the eyes of the world because of the criminal acts practiced by the gang of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP). At this moment we remember a huge number of revolutionary figures who martyred and went as the victims of the crimes of Omer Hassan Ahmed al- Bashir and the entourage of his regime. We remember and salute the martyrs of the Darfur region, the martyrs of Kordofan, the martyrs of the south of the Sudan and the martyrs of the Manaseer region, martyrs of Gezira and the martyrs of Port Sudan. The Sudanese people will remember the killing of Majdi Mahjoub, pilot Girgis and Doctor Ali Fadul along with the martyrs of Ramadan 28, martyrs of the area Manaseer and Kajbar and the martyrs of the Intifada and the martyrs 19 September 2013.

During these times, we remember prisoners of war and prisoners of conscience who have been languishing in the in the prisons of the ruling regime of the outgoing National Congress Party and we commend and highly value their great signs of steadfastness. We hope Healing for wounded everywhere in the swathes of Sudan.

The National Islamic Front (NIF), as soon as rested assured on the helm, considered the people of Sudan in the Southern Sudan, region of Darfur and the marginalised territories as its prime archenemies and declared Jihad warfare against the civilian Sudanese citizens. They classified Sudanese people according to the concept of either with us or against us. In their quest for empowerment, (NIF) hard liners adopted a policy of dismissal of government employees allegedly thought potentially disloyal under the pretext of the so-called ‘Public Good/Interest’. Thus, hundreds of workers and officials in the Civil Service have been dismissed and replaced by inept unqualified individuals affiliated to the (NIF). The (NIF) Putschists gave the nickname of (Dismissal for Pubic Good) that phenomenologically farcical process.

Furthermore, they portrayed the war against the Southern Sudan, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement Army (SPLM/A) Rebels as a Jihad employing the regular Sudan Armed Force (SAF) and the militia Popular Defence Forces (PDF) which they portrayed as Mujahideen. The Majority of the (PDF) were conscripts from amongst high school, college and university students. Regular TV programme calling for jihad against the infidels known as (In the backyards of redemption) accompanied. NIF described their dead as martyrs and described the other dead in southern Sudan war as (Matt Fetaiz), the phrase means that others slain by their army as Rotten Fetid Corpses- according to their own words and phraseology. On the political front, the putschist regime dissolved the parliament, political parties and their representatives, who were members of it and imposed emergency laws all over the Sudan, and seized the banks and they by virtue of a deterrent decreed penalty included lynching for every person who owned hard foreign currencies such as the US dollar, British Pound after the forfeiture and the confiscation of the amount. Moreover, they claimed that they came with what they called as Civilisational Project and Apostolic Orientation for the Islamisation of Sudan and the people of the country. Furthermore, they claimed that they will fight America and Russia which their Torment has approached they have met what hurts them, so to speak! However, hypocrisy is lanyard as the popular saying goes, and very soon the putschists agreed secretly with the US intelligence agency (CIA) to provide intelligence on the movements of Islamic jihadist terrorists that had taken Khartoum as a safe haven refuge.

The putschist entity of (NIF) had committed a heinous crime against their companions in the Sudan Armed Force (SAF), which included non-commissioned officers and officers of more than thirty on the pretext that they were involved in an alleged military coup attempt against them. The Execution of those 28 military officers took place on the Holy Month of Ramadan, which coincided April 23, 1990 in an ugly image representing treachery and betrayal. Thus, began the first step towards dismantling the Sudanese army in favour of the lords of the National Islamic Front (NIF) until the armed forces have become a monopoly; but later replaced by the Janjaweed militias and mercenaries that waged proxy civil wars on behalf of Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir and his entourage against the Sudanese unarmed noncombatant civilian citizens in Darfur where crimes of genocide have been systematically committed, 28 years on today’s date.

Darfur Forced to Take up to Arms

Moreover, when the people of Darfur who have suffered from systematic marginalisation by the successive governments led by the political elites, the majority of whom were descendants from the Northern Region since the Independence of Sudan in January 1956 from British colonialists rule. The then Brigadier Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, virtually the leader of the regime, said publicly that he would not negotiate with anyone who did not carry weapons. Bashir’s statement forced the young men of the Region to take up to arms on February 2003 in quest for the legitimate rights of citizenship which include wealth sharing and power sharing and removal of systematic marginalisation and chronic deprivation which they and their people suffered and rights have been denied for so long. Moreover, they included those grievances in the Black Book imbalance of power and wealth in Sudan written around the end of the year 1999 by intellectuals from the Darfur region, a group led by Martyr Dr. Khalil Ibrahim Muhammad, Allah forgive him and bless his soul.

The Janjaweed unleashed to run havoc

When army and Janjaweed militias of the regime subjected to defeats at the hands of gallant Darfur armed movements rebel forces in all locations and battle fields, the Khartoum government has decided to take revenge on civilians rather than confronting the rebels. It unleashed the Janjaweed militias to wreak havoc and corruption on earth, burning villages and looting property of citizens and killing women, kids and the elderly. Based on the war crimes perpetrated in the form of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide, the international Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant to apprehend the head of the regime Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir. Furthermore, the (ICC) issued arrest warrants of the former defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohammed Hussein and Ahmed Mohamed Haroun, former state minister of interior, and Ali Abdelrahman Kushayb, leader of the Janjaweed militias, all of whom remain fugitives from international justice. Moreover, the NCP regime in order to be capable to carry out further atrocious crimes against the people of Sudan in Darfur, worked relentlessly for getting rid of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID). However, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) continued extending the period of the (UNAMID) Force yearly. Accordingly, the UN Security Council and the Peace and Security Council of the African Union have considered extending the Mandate of (UNAMID) for 12 months, until 30 June 2017, without modifying its priorities or adjusting its authorized troop and police ceiling. http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2016/510.

NCP regime waging War on Citizens while swathes of Sudan’s land occupied by Foreigners

The (NCP) regime has been waging futile warfare against fellow citizens while swathes of the soil of Sudan remain under the occupation by foreign neighbouring countries. These are the Sudanese territories occupied by the Egyptian army in Halayeb and Shalateen In addition to an area of 600 thousand in Fashaga occupied by Ethiopia. The (NCP) regime behaves, as the popular proverb says, he behaves as a lion on unarmed noncombatant civilian citizens of Sudan in Darfur though just an Ostrich in wars with who attacked and seized a vast swathes of areas of the dear homeland!

Inciting Intertribal Warfare

Furthermore, in the Darfur region, the regime of the NCP sought in addition to the crimes of genocide to fragment the eternal social fabric of the citizens by dividing the region into five states based on the tribal lines. As expected, that led into tribal strife and intertribal warfare. Worse, the regime held a bogus referendum for the revocation of the region so as the word and opinion of the people of Darfur fragmented and divided toward their vital issues. Thus, the NCP regime vehemently opposed to Darfur remaining as one region and opted for dismantling it into warring tribal cantons with fragmentation of the social fabric.

Systematic Government Corruption Widespread

The epidemic of government corruption remained widely spread in the decadence era of the (NIF). They looted the country’s oil and gold revenues to foreign banks under the names of relatives of influential people in the regime of the National Congress Party accounts. Furthermore, the putschists as well as sold the major  productive state institutions such as the Gezira irrigated agriculture project, Sudan Airways, Sudan Shipping Lines, Sudan railway corporation and privatization of education and health services and so on! Moreover, they sold the famous Sudan House in the Knight Bridge neighborhood in London cheaply to a crony investor of the (NCP) regime as well selling the airstrip of the Sudan Airways (Sudan air) at Heathrow Airport.  For the legalization of corruption, the Islamism regime of the (NCP) decided to urge the religious Sheikhs affiliated to it introducing the so-called (Tahalul), meaning biodegradable decomposition and disintegration, which according to their Religious Fatwa removes “Haram” and make it Halal! Still the worse is on the way. The racist supremacist elements in the regime made the unity in Sudan unattractive to the citizens of Southern Sudan through racism by making them take the option of secession and formation of their own   nascent state, South Sudan, in 2011. There are plenty of calamities brought about by the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) to the disenfranchised people of Sudan, but the space does not accommodate the entire reminder.

The genocidal criminal Omar al-Bashir and his Islamism claiming entourage will remain held responsible for the heinous crimes they perpetrated in the rights of the Sudanese people over the 27 lean years of oppressive putschist regime. Thus, autocracy and reign of terror continued for past 27 years despite the fact that the people of Sudan used in the past staunch advocates of fighting for freedom, October 21, 1964 and April 1985 Revolutions as examples.

Unlimited support the genocidal criminal Omar al-Bashir from the African Union

Omar al-Bashir and his regime took proxy civil wars of attrition safe haven to protect him from the International Court of Court’s (ICC) grip, which has been pursuing him since 2009. This is in addition to the support he receives from the Dictators Club called the African Union (AU) based in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. Most of the members of the forum there are afraid of the spin of the circle upon them and fall under the accountability of the international Tribunal. Majority of the Club Members practiced systemic repression and continued committing atrocities against the people of their countries.

Support from Some members in the International Community

The (NCP) regime receives political support provided by some permanent members of the UN Security Council. That support is in lieu of the intersecting interests in the form of intelligence on terrorism by the Islamic Jihadi groups from Egypt, Libya and other neighboring countries, which take Khartoum as refuge on their belief that the Islamist regime of the National Congress Party would give them protection.

EU –Sudan agreement to Curb Migration exodus from the Horn of Africa to European shores by rewarding the Génocidaire Omer al-Bashir

It is not so exciting or surprising if we look at what the European Union (EU) recently trying to strike a deal with Khartoum. (EU) planned for reaching an agreement with the ruling regime in Sudan for reducing migrants coming from the Horn of Africa countries to Europe through Libya. Germany is to provide an amount of one hundred million euros to Sudan, in addition to the establishment of camps in Eastern Sudan for refugees from Eritrea and Ethiopia, and Somalia. Moreover, there is other additional package of facilities for the training of Sudanese police in Germany to carry out the task of reducing immigration to Europe. They ignored and flouted all the crimes committed by the head of the ruling regime of the NCP, Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir against humanity against the people of Sudan in Darfur, and fugitive from international justice and indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). The Machiavellian doctrine of end justify the means continues in operation.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and UNAMID Size and Mandate Change in Darfur

To make bad situation worse, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) decided to reduce the size of the UNAMID Mission in Darfur by 50% and as well as changing its Mandate from peace and Security keeping to Peace Building Mission on the pretext of cost where US has decided to reduce its financial contribution and/or that insurgence in Darfur has allegedly become thing of the past based on reports by the Sudanese government and some UN report writers! As for the people of Sudan in Darfur, UNAMID Exit or change of its primary mandate would Open Gates for Anarchy, more Lawlessness and hell on earth in Darfur.

We know that The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) last time has renewed the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) until Friday the 30th June 2017.

More importantly as well is that the reduction of UNAMID forces leads to the removal of the only international witness to the violations of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party, the genocide criminal in the Darfur region. The people of Sudan in Darfur have always advocated the need to strengthen the UNAMID mission and develop its forces by adding troops from Western countries to take an active role in achieving security. Furthermore, the instability in the Darfur region, the continued armed conflict and the continuing crimes of the cloned Janjaweed militias loyal to the ruling (NCP) regime the rapid support forces (RSF) militia all push for the renewal of the joint peacekeeping a Nazi-UNAMID, despite its weak performance, but its departure or the reduction of its personnel or change of its mandate will compromise security and derail the safe unfettered delivery of relief to the needy. Thus, the only international witness will lose the regime’s crimes against the people. More suffering in Darfur would become inevitable and it will result in cloning the ongoing failure in achieving peace to the war-torn Darfur region.

Removal of the Decades Long Trade and Financial US Sanctions

The recent security rapprochement between the administration of new US President Donald Trump and the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) regime could lead to the lifting of trade and economic sanctions entirely by the first half of July 2017 as decided by former US President Barack Obama at the last moment of the end of his term in office.

The rewarding of the genocidal criminal, the fugitive from the international justice, has become the justice of this era of decadence, where politicians in the international community are running behind interests humanity has become something of the past that has no place in the world of international politics today under the hegemony  of the single pole! Thus, the pre-existing interests come before the values ​​preserved in the corridors of the UN building in New York, Manhattan!

Edmund Burke the British-Irish Politician, Author, Orator, Political theorist, and Philosopher has been quoted as saying: (All tyranny needs to gain a foothold is for people of good conscience to remain silent).

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/e/edmundburk136431.html?src=t_tyrannyAll

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

Isn’t it time for the silence of African Union Trumpet on the Darfur Issue?

Isn’t it time for the silence of African Union Trumpet on the Darfur Issue?
ألم يحن الوقت للاتحاد الأفريقي أن يبقى كسر اسطوانته المكسورة صامتة بشأن قضية دارفور؟

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
Isn’t it time for the African Union broken Cylinder to remain silent on the Darfur issue?
This article comes against the backdrop of the news media report that Egypt and Ethiopia call to suspend ICC case against Sudan’s Bashir. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62677
In a report to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on the situation in Darfur on Thursday 8, 2017, the International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda, urged the 15-member body to take concrete action that would help to arrest suspects of alleged genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in the Western Sudan’s region of Darfur, including President Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir. Soon after, the Egyptian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta, said the ICC proceedings against al-Bashir must be suspended.

The turn of the Ethiopian Ambassador to the (UN) Tekeda Alemu reported the disappointment of African countries (AU) by the manner in which the (ICC) had been handling the case against al-Bashir. Alemu further reiterated the alleged request of the (AU) for the (ICC) to put an end to the pursuit of the case against the Sudanese President and called to finding what he called it home-grown solutions and adding that referral of the situation in Darfur to the (ICC) would cause more harm than good! http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62677

The Ethiopian Ambassador to the UN referred to some alleged ongoing efforts to end the conflict in Darfur and that peace process had shown significant progress, but more remained to be done. Alemu tried to blame somebody else (BSE) by diverting call on the Darfur rebel groups to lay down their arms. The armed revolutionary forces are fighting the National Congress Party (NCP) regime for the recovery of the Sudanese State and the looted property of its people. The regime led by the genocidal criminal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir has been naively repeating that the insurgency has ended in Darfur, while making more than 75% of the state budget for war purposes in Darfur and the two regions by mobilizing the former Janjaweed militias, now the so-called Rapid Support Forces (RSF) to target and kill the unarmed noncombatant civilians populations, demographic change and further crimes against humanity in Darfur. Moreover, the (RSF) militias loot property of citizens, kill innocent civilians, rape and burn villages.

As a reminder, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, President of Sudan has been indicted by the (ICC) on the first warrant for arrest was issued on 4 March 2009, the second on 12 July 2010. But he remains at large.
The charges against Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir include https://www.icc-cpi.int/darfur/albashir

Al Bashir Case
The Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir
ICC-02/05-01/09
• Five Counts of Crimes against Humanity: Murder, extermination, forcible transfer, torture and rape
• Two Counts of War Crimes: Intentionally directing attacks against a civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking part in hostilities and pillaging

Three Counts of Genocide: by killing, by causing serious bodily or mental harm and by deliberately inflicting on each target group conditions of life calculated to bring about the group’s physical destruction, allegedly committed at least between 2003 and 2008 in Darfur, Sudan.

After all the above charges in the commission of the heinous crimes, some inhumane people come to defend a criminal who has already admitted the killing of nine thousand or ten thousand Sudanese citizens in Darfur. This is nothing but the superiority of the vested interests over the issues of the nations. Woe to the oppressors and to their supporters against the victims and survivors of the Holocaust. Justice will inevitably be coming even if travel to it becomes prolonged. As expected of tyrants that all of them are trying hard to tickle the back of their ilk. In another version, scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours!

Sudan under the reign of the National Islamic Front (NIF)/ National Congress Party (NCP) regime has been the terrorist haven of choice. AL Qaeda, the Muslim Brotherhood Movement (MBM) elements fleeing neighbouring countries thrived and sought sanctuary in Sudan and have constructed terrorist training facilities and launched operations from Khartoum in the nineteen nineties. The (NCP) regime has as well harboured not long ago the notorious Ugandan terrorist movement known as The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), also known as the Lord’s Resistance Movement, led by the fugitive from the international justice Joseph Kony. https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=the+ugandan+lord+army&oq=the+ugandan+lord+army+&aqs=chrome..69i57.24365j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

The broken cylinder of the African Union continues to play on the worn out string in support of falsehood that denies the sunlight in broad daylight of the genocidal crimes perpetrated by the NCP leader Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir in the right of the Sudanese Civilian population in the western region of Darfur and he remains fugitive from the international justice, more than eight years on., Unfortunately and without hesitation the wretched African Union (AU) Dictators Club members are unashamedly calling for the closure of the crimes of Omar al-Bashir. It is ironic, funny and wailing that the two countries that call for this farce are Egypt and Ethiopia – Abyssinia – the two countries involved in Dispute and on the verge of waging war between them over the construction of The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, formerly known as the Millennium Dam and sometimes referred to as Hidase Dam, which is a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia currently under construction. Both Egypt and Ethiopia are populous countries. Egypt has 93 million inhabitants, 95% live along the banks of the Nile and in the Nile Delta.

As of 2015, Ethiopia has a population of 99.39 million. Both the rival countries are yearning to getting the maximum amount of the water the livelihood of their ever increasing populations. Omer al- Bashir’s Sudan is in the middle between the two countries playing the cat and mouse game and does not damn care for the livelihood of the 40.23 million inhabitants. It is clear that this Trinity tries to reconcile themselves at the expense of the victims and survivors of the crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur. The intersection of cross-interests despite the harm to human beings driven by doctrine, the end justifies the means.

The trio must understand that the international community including the United States of America (US) opposed Sudan President’s Omer al-Bashir’s Travel to Saudi Summit that Trump was attending when the US Embassy in Khartoum reiterated that the United States has made its position with respect to Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s travel clear,” it said. “We oppose invitations, facilitation, or support for travel by any person subject to outstanding International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrants, including President Bashir.” http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/patrick-goodenough/us-opposes-sudan-presidents-travel-saudi-summit-trump-attending

Linda Lou Chavez the American author, commentator, and radio talk show and the Fox News analyst, Chairman of the Center for Equal Opportunity has been quoted as have said: (The United Nations has become a largely irrelevant, if not positively destructive institution, and the just-released U.N. report on the atrocities in Darfur, Sudan, proves the point.)
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/darfur.html
Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

Myth of Expecting National Congress Party Regime in Sudan Reforming itself

Myth of Expecting National Congress Party Regime in Sudan Reforming itself

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

No Resolution to the Sudanese Crises but the Departure of the NCP regime

The people of Sudan and the genuinely serious opposition bodies have been watching the US-led international conspiracy plan through the African Union (AU) and its high-profile organisation AU High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) , which is headed by  the former South African President Thabo Mbeki , who is working to impose a political settlement through the so-called soft landing that keeps in power the reformed National Congress Party (NCP) regime. The (NCP) regime continues utilising the “divide-and rule” doctrine, waging civil wars of attrition, plundering the country’s resources for empowerment and tirelessly working to get some cheap opposition parties who run behind self-interest in complete disregard to the rights of the Sudanese citizens the names of whom are used to commit crimes of deceit to participate in the ranks of the corrupt (NCP) entity.

The danger of this scheme to the future of Sudan in general the Sudanese and its  people in particular is a catastrophic threaten to the remaining unity of the country and its stability and sovereignty, in light of the continuation of the Islamic regime and its failed policies. Based on the foregoing, there seems no option has been  left for the disenfranchised Sudanese public and the  components of genuine Sudanese opposition, both civilian and armed, but to go ahead with committed plan in which is the supreme interest of the masses of people of Sudan to overthrow the dictatorial regime as the sole gateway to resolve the crises of the country which exacerbated by the continuing policies driven by the US, EU interests linked to the prolongation of the survival of the policies of corruption and tyranny under the leadership of the genocidal criminal, fugitive from the international justice, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir and his obsequious corrupt criminal entourage.

The so-called ‘National Document Conclusion’, the outcome of the infamous Wathba Dialogue in place of the AU Roadmap, is nothing but travesty of potential just lasting peace forcibly denied.

The current call by the Troika and the EU embassies in Khartoum for the rebel movements to join the NCP  concocted  ‘National Document’ does not make justice. The Western countries opted for their own agenda and regional interests of supporting the genocidal regime in lieu of the agreed interests of NCP regime stem the illegal migration from the Horn of African countries to the European shores via the Mediterranean Sea and Libya along with the alleged fighting of terrorism by the onetime sponsor of terrorism, the National Congress Party (NCP)/ National Islamic Front (NIF) – an Irony to its core. The Troika and the EU could have done a better job had they called for revitalization of the AU Roadmap refused signing by the NCP delegation to the Addis Ababa last year. The Roadmap addressed all aspects for reaching lasting peace in Sudan. The hurdle to the peace in Sudan remains revolving around the interest of the International Community for The ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) remains in power in Sudan with the reform of it, not the removal of it, but the international community overlooks very important fact that the (NCP) regime has been severely deformed and distorted to the degree that it cannot be reformed; as the late Dr. John Garang Mabior has been quoted to have said years ago. In the circumstances, the people of Sudan will not be cowed and the democracy they have been yearning for will inevitably be achieved.

Peace will never be achieved as long as the country is held hostage by the NCP Regime. The regime wants the entire Sudanese people to give up and rubber-stamp the treaty the clauses of the so called which are drafted according to conditions of the conqueror imposed on the defeated  as in so called Wathba” Dialogue outcomes, aka Sudan National Dialogue Document (NDD) along with the disfigured and amended  2005 Transitional Constitution of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) where the regime’s National Assembly stripped it off the clauses advocating and calling for the preservation of public freedoms. The parliament of the regime granted absolute and unaccountable powers to the disreputable security apparatus, the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) and enabled it to arbitrarily arrest, detain, torture, confiscate whenever it wants and as it wishes without any accountability or interference by the authorities; in complete impunity. The Sudanese people and their opposition are not expected to surrender to such conditions which will never help them achieve democracy, the rule of law, good governance and promotion of human values such as freedom, human rights and social justice. The refusal of the Sudanese people to surrender has been continuing since the National Islamic Front (NIF) undermined the democratically elected government through the ill-fated military coup d’état on Friday night, June 30, 1989 in spite of the fact that the then National Islamic Front (NIF) was represented in the Parliament as one of the Sudanese political parties at the time. With the systematic and planned reneging of negotiated peace agreements with the parties in dispute and further waging wars by the NCP regime of all the efforts of the Sudanese opposition components to reach to just sustainable peace and complete democratic transformation. Therefore, there remains no option but escalation of resistance in the form of uprising including public disobedience against the State of the global Muslim Brotherhood Freemasonry Movement (MBM) for ousting it; as did the Sudanese people before in October 21, 1964 and April 6 1985, are best models. The Sudanese masses in their different components are longing, amid the ongoing (NCP) deprivation of their aspiration for freedom, equality, justice, peace, and democracy. This regime led by the genocidal castaway criminal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir is no stranger to commit abominable actions against the country for the sake of his survival in the helm for his protection from the apprehension by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the heinous crimes he has committed against the Sudanese civilian populations in Darfur, Nuba Mountains in south Kordofan, Ingessana in South Blue Nile  state, Beja people in Eastern Sudan and the Nubians in the far North of Sudan in Areas of dams on the River Nile in Amri, Kajbar, Shiraik and Dal. Let alone the massacre carried out by the infamous security apparatus the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) and allied Janjaweed militias of the Rapid Support Force (RSF) in September 27, 2013 when more than two hundred peaceful civilian demonstrators were killed in Khartoum and arbitrarily arrested and tortured detainees. The Human Rights Watch said that “Instead of investigating these crimes, the NCP government has been using brutality and violence to silence perceived opponents. https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/04/21/sudan-no-justice-protest-killing

Besides humiliating and annihilating the Sudanese citizens, Omer al-Bashir has weakened the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and replaced it by the cloned former Janjaweed militias into the notorious Rapid Support Forces (RSF) for his fear  of a military coup ousting him and his criminal regime by (SAF). The genocidal Bashir has also destroyed all the productive institutions of the country such as al-Gezira Irrigated Agricultural Project, as well as the Sudan Airways, the Sudanese Shipping Lines and sold wide swathes of  the Sudanese land to foreign agents in lieu for millions of dollars that have been pocketed by his cronies. The worst was his driving of the Sudanese citizens of Southern Sudan through racism orchestrated by his supremacist maternal uncle and other bigot associates. Thus, this fugitive from the international justice did not leave any harm to the Sudanese people, but did not hesitate to implement it for the sake of continuing ruling the country to protect his criminal self.

The cholera epidemic has officially been called watery diarrhea to hide the truth:

The NCP regime’s willful neglect of its responsibilities is well documented but the most hideous recent one is the one continuing happening in the Sudanese states including the Capital Khartoum of the Cholera epidemic but the authorities refusing to tell the truth and labeling the epidemic as just watery diarrheas. Cholera epidemic has killed thousands in Sudan. The worst affected areas are the White Nile State from where it kept stretching towards Khartoum, El-Gezira irrigated scheme, Sennar and North Kordofan and the situation is serious in Kosti and lately the disease reached the Nile River State city of al-Matamma in the Northern region . In spite of the government’s secrecy  about  the cholera epidemic and calling it watery diarrhoea, the United States of America (US) Embassy in Khartoum on June 1, 2017 (KHARTOUM) – U.S. Embassy in Sudan Thursday has warned its American nationals against a cholera outbreak in the east African country including the greater Khartoum metropolitan area.. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62612

By describing the water-borne disease (Cholera Epidemic) caused by the organism Vibrio Cholerae as a “acute watery diarrhoea”, the Sudanese government is risking the lives of the Sudanese people and depriving them the potential help obtainable internationally, in particular from the World Health Organisation (WHO) when the disease is formally declared by the Sudanese Government.

Participating in the Wathba Dialogue under injustice is nothing but a humiliating surrender and contrary to established principles of humanity and a kind of the dialogue of the deaf.

There is no solution to the problems of Sudan except to overthrow the ruling regime of the National Congress Party as contained in the opposition agreements

At this juncture, one would like to delve into the conundrum which relates to the former US President Barak Obama’s last minute Executive Order (EO) in which he decided partially lifting the economic and trade sanctions imposed on the then the hard-line National Islamic Front (NIF) ruled Sudan by the US former 42 President of the US Bill Clinton in 5 November 1997 for harbouring international terrorism and its human rights abuses. At the time, President Bill Clinton’s action put Sudan in the same category as Iran, Burma and Cuba as countries with which the United States refuses to do business even though other nations, including U.S. allies, continue normal trade. There is a disaster in the making by 13 July 2017 in which Obama scheduled to lift all sanctions on Sudan Without clear conditions other than some vague words. The ruling National Congress Party (NCP) regime began obsequiously to provide services to the new US administration of President Donald Trump in the form of opening the largest US intelligence center in the Middle East and Africa in Khartoum. The head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has visited Khartoum. On the other hand, Sudanese security chief Atta al-Mowla has exchanged the visit to Washington DC. Right now, we were as though poised to witness the sanctions lifted unconditionally before mid-July 2017. Let us make it clear that one does not stand against the nation in gaining more benefit, but we do not encourage anyone to support the NCP ruling regime to enable it to commit more abominable crimes against the people of Sudan by using that support to strengthen the Janjawid militias and wage wars and increase the wealth for the Parasitic capitalists belonging to the corrupt regime. When deciding on lifting U.S. sanctions on the (NCP) regime, President Donald Trump should consider human rights abuses in Sudan. For these reasons, we ask US President Donald Trump not to lift economic and trade sanctions on the criminal regime in Sudan only after the implementation and ensuring that the following conditions are met:

  • maintaining a cessation of hostilities in conflict areas in Sudan; the regime continues waging war in the restive regions in Sudan using the proxy genocidal Janjaweed militias known as Rapid Support Forces (RSF)
  • improving humanitarian access throughout Sudan
  • cooperation in addressing regional conflicts (including those in South Sudan and with the Lord’s Resistance Army)
  • Cooperating with the United States to counter terrorism.
  • Human Rights and Peace track could be tied to a new set of smart, modernized network sanctions (i.e., asset freezes targeting a network of individuals and entities, rather than a single person) that spare the Sudanese public and target those who commit atrocities, including air strikes on villages, attacks on churches, obstruction of humanitarian aid, the jailing and torturing of journalists and the undermining of peace efforts. http://time.com/4798594/trump-sudan-sanctions-aid-corruption-terrorism/
  • Stop the corruption to enrich self and money laundering

Therefore, short-sighted counterterrorism and intelligence exchange are not enough for appeasing the US to lift the decades-long sanctions while the NCP regime continues undeterred supporting Jihadist Islamist terrorist groups in Libya and Egypt and elsewhere secretly. This is evidenced by groups of Muslim Brotherhood fugitives from Egypt living in the neighborhoods of the capital, Khartoum, who have been manufacturing improvised explosive devices (IED), as well as jihadist extremists who attack Christian churches in Sudan along with the persecution of religious minorities and applying  draconian Sudan’s public order laws, infamous Article 152 of Sudan’s 1991 Criminal Act of flogging women on dress code In addition to the charge of apostasy and the issuance of death sentences. Moreover, those who dare to defend human rights such as Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, who was charged with undermining the constitutional order and waging war against the state has been on and off in detention since December 2016. The recent decision of his detention has been taken by the newly appointed Attorney-General in Sudan and was issued on 26 April 2017 at the request of the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) to reopen the investigation into the case of human rights defenders.

 

In order to continue the restive situation in the Darfur region, the (NCP) government forces and the allied Janjaweed militias known as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) to wage new war by

attacking the positions under the control of the Sudan Liberation Movement- (SLA/M) led by Minni Menawi in eastern and central Darfur, which resulted in the loss of lives on both sides in addition to the intimidation, displacement and killing of citizens of these areas, despite previous statements by the head of the ruling National Congress Party Omar al-Bashir that the insurgency has ended in Darfur. The regime showed that it violated the ethics of war by revealing the prisoners of war (POWs) in bad conditions on the state-owned television. The worst of these were the orders of the Governor Anas Omer the Governor of the state of East Darfur not to bury the dead bodies of the SLM and leave them to be eaten by wolves and hawks, in clear violation of the principles of human respect for the sanctity of the dead. This Anis Omer is one of the members of the Islamic (NCP) regime, which fills the whole of Sudan with lies and chants that they are practicing and applying shari’a laws. Thus, Hypocrisy reached the top par excellence. The NCP regime and its founding father National Islamic Front (NIF) claimed that they are the protectors of the Islamic religion in Sudan and called for the application of Sharia Laws on the people of Sudan, but their hypocrisy has soon surfaced by their disregard to all the taboos forbidden by the true Islamic religion and all other heavenly religions and the human rights.

The Holy Qur’an in Sura AA-Imran (3) Juz 4 Aya 185 translation of meanings says: (Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing). That is the Great Truth of Allah Almighty.

Failures of NCP Regime

The recent events in the Darfur region have refuted the lies of the (NCP) government about   the calm situation in the region where it waged war using the Rapid Support Force (RSF) allied to it and attacked the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army Minni Minnawi (SLM/A MM) forces in North and East Darfur during the period 21 May 2017 – May 20, 2017.  This fierce battle confirms that the Darfur issue can only be solved within the framework of resolving the comprehensive Sudanese crisis because it is an integral part of the deep crisis facing the country. The power thirsty warmongering (NCP) regime will never allow peace comes to Sudan. Furthermore, it will continue evading and reneging agreements to gain time and mislead the parties as well as the international community. Therefore, there are no solutions to the issues of the people of Sudan while the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) led by the genocidal criminal, fugitive criminal of international justice, Marshal Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir remains in power.

All the factors are now available for mass movement which requires more mobilization and cohesion in order to extract democratic rights and freedoms and improve living conditions until the comprehensive intifada, the general political strike, civil disobedience to overthrow the regime with a view to the establishment of the democratic alternative agreed by all sectors of the Sudanese public. The Sudanese people would then convene the economic conference during a transitional period agreed upon. That step would culminate into the holding of free, fair and transparent general elections under international and regional observation thus, allowing for democratic national governance. This compensating citizens affected by the scourge of war will follow. Transitional justice will be applied along with the prosecution of criminals. Furthermore, the extradition of fugitives from international justice to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, the Netherlands would inevitably follow. At that moment, the Sudanese people will have no regret for the demise of the callous cruel brutal (NCP) merchants of death. The Sudanese citizens like many human beings around the globe will say chanting: (We are stronger and better than those who seek to divide and destroy us.) https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/carnage-at-london-bridge-and-borough-market-as-terrorists-target-revellers-78z5wd0z0.

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche the German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, philologist, and Latin and Greek scholar has been quoted as saying: “Man is the cruelest animal.” In German “Der Mensch ist das grausamste Tier” In Arabic: (الإنسان أبشع الحيوانات. In French (L’homme est l’animal le plus cruel).

http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/cruelty

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

 

The Ember of the Darfur Revolution for the Just Issue will continue burning until Victory is achieved

The Ember of the Darfur Revolution for the Just Issue will continue burning until Victory is achieved

The Raging Just Revolution in Darfur will continue burning until Victory

جذوة الثورة العادلة فى دارفور ستظل متقدة حتى تحقيق  النصر

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

Author Mahmoud Yusuf says that we live in a historical stage full of serious events that will affect the future of mankind on this planet, including what is related to peaceful coexistence such as religious differences and the escalation of religious political fundamentalism, and there are energy problems, it seems that producers can control the period of total depletion. And the extent to which the world is ready to find alternative and renewable energy. There are problems of environmental change, and the most conscious humanitarian groups have begun to realize their future risks to the continuity of life on this planet and to work together to avoid their complications.

With all those foregoing great challenges that need the solidarity of the peoples of the world to work together to ensure the continuity of life and to provide the means to help bring prosperity to all peoples, we find that there are those who have not reached the lowest level of awareness to recognize these risks, unfortunately helped them illegal acquisition of public capabilities to achieve the goals are not from Religious values, not to mention mainstream humanity. The Sudanese state today is in the wind as a result of the misappropriation of power, sovereignty and resources of the Sudanese people. To defend this false and looted position, some have demonstrated the possibility of carrying out all religious and humanitarian taboo to become stripped off from the human values in a world where science and technology have advanced.

The Revolution of the people of Sudan in the Darfur Region erupted on   26 February 2003 and continued up to today. The insurgency in the Darfur region in western Sudan began virtually unnoticed in February 2003. As of February 2017, it marked fourteen odd years. The Darfur cause represented the first great episode of genocidal destruction in the 21st century. The victims are the non-Arab or African tribal groups of Darfur, primarily the Fur, the Massaleit, and the Zaghawa, but also the Tunjur, the Birgid, the Dajo, and many others. These people have long been politically and economically marginalized. They had been denied their citizenship rights of sharing the wealth and power of their country Sudan. The culprit was  the National Islamic Front (NIF) regime that took over the power in Sudan through a military Coup d’état toppling a democratically elected government and stayed at the helm in Sudan’s capital of Khartoum, using the proxy the Aram militias which raid the villages in Darfur killing inhabitants, burning dwellings, looting properties and displacing the survivors into the middle of nowhere. The (NIF) –aka (Ingaz) has refused to control increasingly violent Arab militia raids of African villages in Darfur.  The genocidal criminal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir when the rebel groups approached him with the view to let him give it a thought of spreading some justice for the citizens of the region, he arrogantly said his famous statements of the he would not negotiate with unarmed persons because he came to power on the back of a military tank. That was the position of Omer al-Bashir regarding making any concessions with the people of Darfur. Moreover, he unleashed the Janjaweed militias to run havoc and applying the scorched earth policy. And the outcome of what Omer al-Bashir declared was chilling heinous atrocities. The National Islamic Front (NIF) government responded with a counter-insurgency campaign resulting into more than 300000 deaths, number of burned villages in Darfur reached more than 435 while the number of abandoned villages is more than 643 villages and displacement of more than 2.7 million people along with a million people crossing borders to the neighbouring Chad and Central African Republic (CAR) as refugees. Aerial bombardment of civilians continued unabated in Darfur.  Occupation and Resettlement of Darfuri Villages by Janjaweed militias and the mercenaries from the neighbouring countries was part of the (NIF) policy.

Thus, since the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army ( SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)  attack on El Fasher in April 2003, and especially since the escalation of the conflict in mid-2003, the Sudanese government (NIF) has been pursuing a military strategy targeting civilians of the same ethnic groups as insurgents. The government and the Janjawid militias jointly targeted Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa tribal groups through deliberate and indiscriminate aerial bombardment, denial of access to humanitarian aid and the scorched earth policy that led to the migration of hundreds of thousands of civilians. The government also arbitrarily arrested and sometimes tortured students, political activists and other Fur, Zaghawa and Masalit from Darfur in the Sudanese Capital Khartoum who have no links with the rebel movements.

During that period, the Janjawid intensified their campaigns, from killing to citizens, burning villages and raping women, in a manner aimed at disposing of the largest population and in the shortest possible time

Darfur’s population of about 7.5 million is scattered over an area the size of France

Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur.

In a Joint military statement on the losses of the enemy in the battles of North and South Darfur, on Friday, 20/05/2017, the joint force of the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) led Minnawi and the transitional council of the Sudan Liberation Movement / Army (SLM / N) led by Nimir Abdulrahman that the enemy (RSF) militia has suffered heavy losses in the battles that spread from the far north of Darfur to South And East Darfur.

The mobile commander of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) charged with guarding the northern Darfur border Hamdan al-Samih was killed along with 214 persons of different military ranks led by Deputy of Hamedti and his cousin Colonel / Hamdan Samayh yesterday in the battles of Wadi Hawar and 340 wounded, 176 of them were transferred to the Armed Forces Hospital in Khartoum and the rest are receiving treatment in the hospitals of El Fasher, Nyala and El Dain. The statement continued saying that in addition, our valiant forces took over 51 Land Cruiser vehicles from the two fighting fronts loaded with various heavy and light weapons, ammunition and supplies. The enemy forces fled and our forces are still chasing what is left of them. The SLM/A Command Statement continued saying. Furthermore, numerous reports and eyewitnesses, especially from the medical corps in Nyala, have noted that there is clear confusion and exchange of accusations between the army commanders and the leaders of the Rapid Support Militia, some of whom have threatened not to deal with the army in the future even if this led to the declaration of disobedience, not only because of providing them with misleading information about the enemy’s places and strength, but it came to the accusation of some army leaders in collusion with the (enemy)!

The SLM/A Statement said in conclusion that they have just received news of the arrival of Mohammed Hamdan (Hamedti), commander of the government-backed “Rapid Support Forces” militias, admitted yesterday the loss of his forces in the battles and the killing of Hamdan al-Samih, commander-in-chief of his forces in Darfur. Hamitti and the Governor –Wali- of North Darfur State Abdul Wahid to El-Fasher Airport by a helicopter to receive the wounded people of Wadi Hawar battle yesterday. Glory and eternity to our martyrs and sooner healing for the wounded brave!

Where 214 people of different ranks belonging to the enemy killed led by Deputy of Mohammed Hamdan Hamedti and his cousin Colonel / Hamdan Samayh

The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) announces that it has killed the deputy commander of rapid support Force (RSF) / Hamdan al-Samih, a mobile commander in Darfur.

The Justice of the Darfur Issue will remain alive and raging despite the insistence of the enemies on injustice. The justice of the Darfur issue that broke out in 2003 and the will of the revolutionaries, their steadfast sincerity and their impartiality will inevitably triumph as victorious.

This article comes against the backdrop of the battles of North and East Darfur on May 20, 2017 during which the National Congress Party (NCP) proxy cloned Janjaweed militias, aka Rapid Support Forces (RSF) attacked the SLM –Minni Minnawi forces in a blatant violation of the so-called six months ceasefire earlier declared by the genocidal criminal, fugitive from the international justice, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir. The ICC indicted Bashir  used to continuously making false statements that he has put an end to insurgency in Darfur and that Darfur rebel movement no longer have any forces on the region of Darfur in Western Sudan. These fierce battles have confirmed that the genocidal regime in Khartoum insists on military solutions and the closure of its political horizon. The NCP regime in Khartoum violated the declared cease-fire, which was repeated every now again to impress the international community, hoping to get Kudos but contrary to the declared intention. The real tactics and the policies of the regime in Khartoum are centred on eliminating the causes of life in the regions of Darfur. To add to his disappointing failures his militias attacked the Courageous SLM forces led by Minni Minnawi. The brave and gallant forces of SLM/A Minni Minnawi crushed the Bashir’s proxy militias which have suffered defeat. The SLM forces taught the attackers a lesson in the extent to which the revolutionaries clung to their cause and their political awareness.

This violation of the cease-fire by the ruling regime in Khartoum confirms its insistence on military solutions and does not have a political solution to the Sudanese crisis that is not solved by the security mind and the military solution. .

This blatant and flagrant attack confirmed to everyone the extent of the lies of the regime, especially the dictator indicted by the (ICC) Omar al-Bashir, who filled the world at the local, regional and international levels, and in every conference or opportunity to speak, but falsely and bluntly stating that he had eliminated the armed movements in Darfur and they no longer exist. The entourage, which is under the command of this dictator, has been working on marketing this propaganda story to the international community by all means. At the same time, the genocidal criminal Bashir has given absolute power of oppressing the basic freedoms to his infamous security machine of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). Shamelessly, Bashir taking it for granted that the new US President Donald Trump to finally lifting trade and economic sanctions on Sudan as of the 14th July 2017, the date which the former US President Barak Obama mentioned in his last minute Executive Order (EO) of betrayal of his pledges and promises to the people of Sudan in Darfur he made in 2008. President Donald Trump is unlikely follow suit his predecessor’s footsteps, political analysts say.  The evidence of the political observers and analysts centred on the facts that Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir is an indictee of the International Criminal Court (ICC), a persona non grata who has to be excluded from attending the American Islamic Conference in which more than 50 Islamic countries attended in Saudi Arabia. The Conference was attended by the guest of honor American President Donald Trump and his family and received by King Salman bin Abdul-Aziz on Sunday, 21 May 2017. Thus, Bashir continues a pariah of the free world who respects human humanity and human rights. Unfortunately, Omar al-Bashir remains calculated and woe to Sudan and its people and a stumbling block in the progress of the country.

Based on the foregoing, and in this context, we call on all the Sudanese people to stand against the mobilization of militias, which are mainly aimed at silencing the people’s voice, suppressing and terrorizing them, killing the citizens and displacing the survivors  of the genocide while the  holocaust continue to protect the fugitive and his criminal gang.

These battles have revealed to the international and regional community, the African Union (AU) and the Troika the lies of the (NCP) regime in its desire for peace and commitment to the ceasefire as well as the lie of ending the insurgency. The regime and its wage-earning militias have not yet learned that the popular revolutions cannot be suppressed by force of the brutal state weapon, no matter how powerful, but only through a comprehensive political solution that responds to the aspirations of the people in a dignified life and the restoration of democracy and the right of the Sudanese people to decide in their political and economic life. This can only be achieved In a free and fair political system based on freedom, integrity, transparency, justice, equality, good governance and the rule of law. Victory will come, God willing, and those who have wronged should know what awaiting them will be commensurate with the crimes they committed against the citizens of Sudan in the Darfur region.

The Ember of the Darfur Revolution for the Just Issue will continue burning until Victory is achieved; The Wadi Howar Valley epic is the best witness.

Nelson Mandela, the South African Revolutionary has been quoted as saying: “When a man is denied the right to live the life he believes in, he has no choice but to become an outlaw.”

http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/oppression

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

Sudanese People in Darfur are Still Suffering amidst the UN Blank Looks

Sudanese People in Darfur are Still Suffering amidst the UN Blank Looks

The People of Sudan in Darfur Continued Suffering War Ravages amid UN Silence

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

This article comes against the backdrop of the report presented to the UN on April 4, 2017 by the newly appointed UNAMID head Jeremiah N. Mamabolo which indicated that Darfur of today is different from 2003:  http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article62099 The new leader of the UNAMID continued saying that “the Darfur of today is a very different place from what this region was in 2003 when the armed conflict began, and from that of a year ago,” Mamabolo said. He also added that the fighting between the government and holdout Darfur rebel groups has “considerably diminished”. Mr. Mamabolo South African diplomat and leader of the UNAMID began his viewpoints by blaming and shaming the Darfur armed rebel movements by expressing his regret over the rebel group’s continuing refusal to join the regional and international efforts for peace in Sudan, as though he were a representative of his compatriot former President of South Africa and the current African Union High-Level Implementation Panel on Sudan (AUHIP)! There is nothing worse than war but war itself; the people of the war-torn The Darfur rebel movements have explored every avenue in an attempt to stop the war, but they didn’t find the partner keen in ending the war.

The recent UNAMID report to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)  for the exit strategy from Darfur is driven by collusion and based on fabricated and biased information gathered from the National Congress Party (NCP) regime itself without including the suffering of the Sudanese civilian populations who have been targeted and languishing under the scourge of the war of attrition in which chemical weapons have been used by the army of the government of Omer al-Bashir in the Jebel Marra locality in the war-ravaged Darfur region. There is credible evidence of children killed and maimed by horrific chemical weapons attacks in Darfur. Amnesty International has gathered harrowing evidence strongly suggesting the repeated use of chemical weapons against civilians, including very young children, in Jebel Marra – one the most remote parts of Darfur. https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/09/chemical-weapons-attacks-darfur/ The Darfur region has been stuck in a catastrophic cycle of violence for more than 13 years, nothing has changed except that the world has stopped watching,” said Tirana Hassan of Amnesty International.  https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/09/sudan-credible-evidence-chemical-weapons-darfur-revealed/

The thing that is more irritating is the UNAMID report’s turning a blind eye to the Chemical weapons used by the Sudanese army against the civilian citizens of Jebel Marra with intent and premeditation, as reported above by the Amnesty International. The NCP regime tried by all means to conceal the crime of using chemical weapons against civilians in in the Jebel Marra area. The British journalist Phil Cox, who works for the British Television Channel IV and his interpreter Daoud Hari were arrested in December 2016 and subjected to torture in prison. The practices of the al-Bashir regime were exposed through a TV programme of broadcast by the Channel Four on 6th of April 2017. The British journalist Phil Cox said that they went to Darfur to investigate what was happening on the ground, and to follow up allegations that chemical weapons were being used by the Sudanese government against its own citizens. Phil went on saying “we had been tracked by the Sudanese military and captured by a local militia. At this point, we had no idea what would happen to us. Amnesty International concluded that these actions show that the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has something to hide in Jebel Marra. Otherwise, why does the regime not allow journalists to do their work, but arrests and tortures them? https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/apr/05/captured-in-darfur-south-sudan. Ironically, in the Era of ironies that the United Nations body responsible for the safety of civilians from chemical weapons has chosen Sudan as a chemical weapons watchdog. It seems in that as though we are in the times of the farce that say everything has been in the wrong place. The recidivist thief has been made a guardian of possessions and the property of vulnerable people or as if we are employing a common criminal robber as a bank guard! Furthermore, it is an abject shame on the part of the UN Body responsible for Chemical Weapons in allowing such a country as Sudan under the NCP genocidal regime to be the watchdog on chemical weapons while it is using them against its own citizens. The National Islamic Front/National Congress Party (NIF/NCP) regime in Khartoum has been elected on Friday 10 March 2017 as Vice Chair of Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) with the support of the Africa bloc in the Organisation. The Jebel Marra massacres of chemical weapons continued from January to August 2016 … 240 days in total.  http://www.sudanjem.com/2017/04/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%B6-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A8%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%8A-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%B4%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%85/#more-132555  Moreover, the massacres of Jebel Marra were the result of the bombing of the (NCP) regime for civilians in Jebel Marra area with chemical weapons by Antonov aircraft, deliberately and premeditatedly. The silence of the international community on the massacres of chemical weapons in Jebel Marra area is, at the very least, outrageous. Instead of investigating the use of chemical weapons against  civilian Sudanese in Jebel Marra the Security Council (UNSC) on Wednesday April 5, 2017, condemned the rebel leader Abdul Wahid Mohammed Ahmed al-Nur, accusing him of causing problems in Darfur as a result of his intransigence and his refusal to negotiate with the genocidal ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP). Injustice and travesty of justice have prevailed at the (OPCW) when the culprit rewarded instead of punishment for the crimes perpetrated. On Friday, March 17, 2017, Amnesty International described Sudan’s election as a slap to the face of the victims of chemical weapons. It is a stigma on the forehead of the Chemical Weapons Prohibition Organization (OPCW) which is  set up to prevent the use of chemical attacks such as that launched by the Khartoum regime in 2016 in Darfur And the regions of the Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile.

http://www.sudanjem.com/2017/04/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%B6-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A8%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%8A-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%B4%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%85/#more-132555

On the other hand, the report of the new UNAMID leader goes on glorifying the Sudanese government’s positions on peace, allowance for relief delivery to the needy and decrease of violence. On the contrary, the regime has unleashed the former Janjaweed militias, now called the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) to do whatever they want of crimes against humanity without accountability because they find absolute protection and support from the head of the National Congress Party (NCP) government, the genocidal criminal and fugitive from the International Justice, Marshal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir personally. In addition to the insecurity in all the five States of the Darfur region where crime has become the master of the situation and the hapless Sudanese citizen and his possessions became the victim and the result is nothing but death and continuous destruction amid terrible silence of the so –called National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) because the assailants are the part and parcel of the (NISS). As the saying goes, the protector is the criminal par excellence!   As they say, speak without feeling embarrassed about the ongoing tribal warfare in Darfur resulting from the omen of the neo-Gold Rush over whom to own the goldmines. Obviously, the victim is a numerous loss of innocent souls, new wave of internal displacement, migration, burning of villages and lawlessness. The culprit continues to be the (RSF) and other related lawless thugs; both are proxies of the Khartoum regime. Thus, the recent report to the UN by the UNAMID leader is completely devoid of the aforementioned important information; he deliberately avoided making any hints or mere reminders about the underlying factors that making  exit strategy of the UNAMID something unthinkable amidst the current state of terror and lawlessness and ongoing loss of innocent souls. Without any shred of doubt, the aforementioned is a part and parcel of the Darfur crisis which has been raging since its outbreak in February 2003, when the government of the National Islamic Front (NIF)/National Congress Party (NCP)  led by Omer al-Bashir, refused to listen to and try peacefully meeting the legitimate demands of wealth and power sharing for the people of Sudan in Darfur because, according to al-Bashir, he would not negotiate with anyone not taking up arms, as he was! So far nothing has changed to say that conditions on the ground in Darfur have improved but the debilitating war secretions through the lean years of calamity and ruin. The voice of young children in camps of displacement and asylum who are hungry without schools for education and no work prospects for the grown up of them who do not know that the future hides for them. If we delve into the issues of elusive sustainable peace in Darfur to which the citizens longing for, we find the roadblocks established by the (NCP) regime in Khartoum to protect its president Omer al-Bashir from the apprehension by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the heinous crimes he has committed in Darfur in 2004 and for which he has been indicted by the (ICC) at The Hague in 2009 and issued an arrest warrant. Reneging peace agreements concluded through negotiations and signed with the parties in dispute remained the characteristic of the NCP regime and a stumbling block for the end of the civil warfare in Sudan’s Darfur over the past 14 years. Procrastination, maneuvering, placing obstacles and taking militias and mercenaries  as proxies to fight the Darfuri armed movements and disbursement of public money to them are among the most important reasons that prevented the end to the crises in the war-torn Darfur region and elsewhere in Sudan.

Of the tragedies created by war in Darfur region is the presence of twelve refugee camps in the neighbouring Chad with over 300,000 Sudanese refugees in eastern Chad; virtually all from Darfur—virtually all ethnically African.  . http://sudanreeves.org/2016/07/07/invisible-forgotten-and-suffering-darfuri-refugees-in-eastern-chad-april-28-2016

Moreover, in addition to the foregoing figure there are more than 2 million people remain internally  displaced (IDPs) inside the IDP camps in Darfur as of as recently as May 2010. https://www.dissentmagazine.org/blog/how-many-internally-displaced-persons-are-there-in-darfur

Other references include: How Many Refugees in Chad?” (August 2016)  http://sudanreeves.org/2016/08/09/how-many-refugees-in-chad-august-2016/

The issue of the people of Sudan in Darfur region has unfortunately been ruled to remain unresolved as a result of intertwined factors. The most important of which is the unwillingness of the ruling regime of the (NCP) to end the suffering of the people of Sudan in that region for reasons related to the protection of Omer al-Bashir from the fate awaiting him with the (ICC). Furthermore, the international community represented in the mighty United States of America and the other Permanent Members of the UN Security Council (UNSC) have been focusing all their attention on the never-ending warfare and the crisis in the Levant region in Syria, Iraq. Moreover, the European Union (EU) desires to stem the migration from the Horn of African countries of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti through Sudan to the European shore via the chaotic Libya. The European Union, in its quest for converging with the NCP ruling regime has used financial incentives, has paid more than 150 million euros, which observers believe it is more likely to take its course into the pockets of the influential kleptocracy in the regime as usual! And at the same pace, the justifications for the partial lifting of economic sanctions on Sudan by the former US President Barak Obama administration have been based on false claims that the Sudan government’s record has improved on many issues including the arrival of relief, and there have been no serious violations in conflict areas. Here we see the deliberate neglect of the resolution Issued by the Obama administration for the other blatant violations of human rights practiced by the ruling regime of the (NCP) and implemented by its allied militias of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the security service called the National Security and Intelligence Services (NISS) The consistent thing in the behaviour of the (NCP) regime under the leadership of genocidal criminal Omar al-Bashir is irreparability, as quoted to have been said by the late Dr.  John Garang Mpior 😦 the NCP regime is so deformed to be reformed!). Saying the truth is better than pursuing in falsehood, but this is contrary to the Diplomatic norms in the World of Political Hypocrisy; the end justifies the means! On the other hand, let’s not ignore the role played by  the intersecting interests between those international community countries and the Sudanese regime that have become stumbling block against the people of Sudan in Darfur for achieving sustainable peace. Thus, the people of Darfur represent the victims of injustice who continue suffering into oblivion. However and despite the chronic failure of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) to protect civilians, its presence in Darfur is the only safe haven available to the surviving civilians fleeing the scourge of war when their homes get burnt down and their relatives killed by pro-government Janjaweed militias, Sudan Armed Force (SAF) and the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). The injustice that has been inflicted on the people of Sudan in Darfur has been prolonged too far and it is onus on the international community to not turn a blind eye to it because of the intersecting interests with the perpetrators of the crimes against humanity, war crime and crimes of genocide. So far, the recent international community’s response to the plight of the Darfuri Sudanese people has been deplorable Doing justice and reparation for the victims and survivors of injustice is paramount duty of humanity.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela the South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 has been quoted as saying: (As long as poverty, injustice and gross inequality persist in our world; none of us can truly rest). https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/n/nelsonmand737776.html?src=t_injustice

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

Comparing Colombian President Santos and Sudanese President Bashir Tells Underhand Deals

Comparing Colombian President Santos and Sudanese President Bashir Tells Underhand Deals

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

هذه محاولة  ضمن محاولات تتالت، مني للنظر في المقارنة بين عمر البشير  رئيس السودان  و سانتوس رئيس كولومبيا

المقارنة تروى لنا صفقات سرية مخادعة!

Type of the Study

This is a semi-comparative study from the perspective of the personalities of the presidents of the two countries on two different continents: Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir and President Santos of Colombia, for their achievements to the people of their country, how to deal with the armed and civil opposition and the emergence of their respective personalities worldwide, To what extent each of them made efforts to reach to sustainable peace in their respective countries. The study also asks as to whether the respective country has been participating in a regional or in an international war for a financial return.

More importantly, the pivotal question is as to what have the two Presidents done so far in their quest for achieving real sustainable peace resulting into the silence of the guns once and for all.

This is an attempt in successive series of attempts to consider the comparison between Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, president of Sudan, and Juan Manuel Santos, president of Colombia. Let us compare-and-contrast the leaders of the two war-torn countries Colombia in Latin America and Sudan in the African Continent from the perspective of their incumbent leaders.

Incommensurate comparison 

Dear esteemed reader, it might appear that such comparison seems somewhat mismatched, unequal and at best unfair. Some might say it is like the comparison between the earthالثرى and the star Pleiades الثريا in Heaven as they say! As if it were a comparison between heaven and earth at best, they say, the comparison between the rich and the poor or it may be considered an insult to the Colombian President Santos to compare him with President Omar al- Bashir the fugitive from universal justice. However and despite the possibility of all these arguments, I decided to proceed with this similitude as a kind of referendum with the difference that appears during the transient view or a stray look or at a glance.

The other question that is expected to be asked is as to what is the benefit of such comparison. In response to that question, one would answer by saying that it is in order to make the people of Sudan understand that some of them believe that things in Sudan are not different than in the rest of the world.  We tell them that this is a false belief. The other important thing is that the Colombian issue started more than fifty years ago; a very long crisis whereas the Darfur crisis is fourteen years old. People in Sudan say it is too long war without looking at the Colombian one. In spite of the 50 years or so duration, Santos succeeded to put an end to it while Bashir continues his killing lust killing more than half a million civilians in 14 years. The number of victims of war death in Colombia in 50 years is less than that in Darfur in 14 years.

The first question that might be expected to be asked would be as to what is the purpose for the comparison and the contrast? The answer to that loaded question, by paraphrasing, is to analyze the life history in power of the two incumbent Presidents and comparing them and contrasting them. The purpose of writing a comparison or contrast is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities between the two Presidents. This is given the misery the populations of the two nations have been languishing in deprivation and all the war-related woes for years. In the case of the Colombian Conflict that began in the mid-1960s, precisely on ‎27 May 1964 – present; (52 years) as is a low-intensity asymmetric war between Colombian governments, paramilitary groups, crime syndicates, and left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN), fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory. As for the Sudanese conflict in the western region of Darfur that began in February 26, 2003 – present (14 years) initially between the two  rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Army/ Movement (SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) against the Government of Sudan (GoS) when the President Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir stated that his (GoS) would not negotiate on the fair distribution of power and wealth with anyone not carrying arms, because he came to power through the Gun barrel – AKA Military Coup de état.  The rebel groups initially made up of the SLM/A and the JEM, recruited primarily from the non-Arab   tribes of Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups. The (GoS) recruited the Janjaweed militias to fight a proxy war against the rebel groups who managed to gain victory against the (GoS) army, Sudan Armed Force (SAF). The Janjaweed are militias that operate in western Sudan and eastern Chad. Using the United Nations definition, the Janjaweed comprised of Sudanese Arab tribes, the core of who are from the Abbala – Nomadic Camel herders. Instead of facing the rebel group fighters, the Janjaweed attacked the civilian population who the (GoS) considered them as supporters of the rebels. Thus, the Janjaweed militias ran havoc in the land with corruption killing the unarmed noncombatant civilians, burning villages and looting property of survivors of the ethnic cleansing. The people surviving and suffered the impact of the ordeal were forced to go into displacement camps, whereas others took migration as their forced option to Chad and other neighbouring countries in West Africa. The government of Sudan armed and funded Arab militias, the Janjaweed (which loosely translates to ‘devils on horseback’ have systematically destroyed the civilians in Darfur by burning villages, looting economic resources, polluting water sources, and murdering, raping, and torturing civilians. As of today, over 480,000 people have been killed in Darfur, and over 2.8 million people are displaced. The population of Darfur is estimated at 6,000,000 people. The conflict in Darfur has also increased tensions in neighboring Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) as hundreds of thousands of refugees streaming over the two countries’ borders to escape violence.  As of 4th March 2009, the Sudanese President Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashier has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) as having committed crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide. This was because al-Bashir is the Supreme Commander of the Sudanese army (SAF) as well as he had issued orders to the Janjaweed militias to carry out those heinous crimes by proxy. Omer Hassan Ahmed a-Bashir ever since remained a fugitive from the international justice. Compared to Bashir, President Santos of Colombia has never committed any crimes against his citizens even he tried everything possible and effort to reach a sustainable peace agreement with the rebels FARC and received subsequently the Nobel Prize for Peace for the Year 2016 award.

Compared and Contrasted

مقارنة بين الرئيس الكولومبي و الرئيس السودانى

A contrast between the Peace maker President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia and Sudan’s Warmonger Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir the Genocidal! President Santos, from Hawk to Dove and from Defence Minister became President in the March 2010 Presidential Elections.

Presidents are compared and contrasted in Peacemaking. A comparison between the two, the Presidents, the Colombian President Santos and the Sudanese President Bashir is in the sincerity of both about peace in their respective countries.

هل هى اقصوصة مدينتين الخرطوم و بوقوتا ام هى قضية مرتبطة برئيسى الدولتين السزدان و كولومبيا

The question is as to whether it meant a short story of the two Capital cities – Tale of Two Cities – of Khartoum and Bogota or is it an issue linked to the Presidents of the two countries Sudan and Colombia?

A note to the reader:

I hope I have not been unnecessarily too much pedantic wording in the forgoing statements thus far.

The President of Colombia has never committed any crimes against his  citizens he even tried everything possible to reach a sustainable peace agreement with the rebels in FARC and received subsequently the Nobel Prize for Peace for the Year 2016 award while the Sudanese President Marshal Omar al-Bashir remained the ruler of Sudan for 28-years ruling the country with iron fist and sparking  absurd civil wars of attrition and abrogating peace agreements with the opponents and his people  and killed civilians in cold blood and committed the crimes of genocide in Darfur and remained at large on the run from international justice and is wanted by the international Criminal Court (ICC) since the fourth of March 2009.

Thus the difference between the Two Presidents about peace in the two countries is huge. Moreover, President Santos is a civilian politician who came to Power through Democratic free fair and transparent elections whereas President Bashir came to Power through a Military Coup d’état, on Friday 30th June 1989, undermining the democratic system to oust the democratically elected government.

 

Methodology and Data collection

Pre-existing information 

In addition to the pre-existing information available in advance with me that will enable me to go ahead with the study in preparation to reaching to important and significant results. Moreover, what I have previously gathered and knew of about two countries will help us move forward to accomplish the mission behind this search and access to scientific knowledge and credible results and accomplish the mission which one believes it is not an impossible by all measures. Thus, the author’s accumulated knowledge coupled with the data obtained and has been compiled from different sources including the search engine google along with the internet which a global computer network is providing a variety of information and communication facilities.

Below is the old map of the Greater Sudan prior to the cessation of the southern region which established its independent country of South Sudan in 2011. In fact, the map shows clearly the two separate States of Sudan in the north and South Sudan in the south.

https://www.google.co.uk/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=comparing+and+contrasting&*

The Map of Sudan prior to the cessation of its Southern Region which has become the nascent independent country, the 193rd member of the United Nations on 14 July 2011. South Sudan’s independence from the rest of Sudan is the result of the January 2011 referendum held under the terms of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the decades-long civil war between the North and the South Sudan. 99% of South Sudanese voted to secede from the north part of Sudan in the January 2011 referendum.

South Sudan’s national flag (centre) flies at UN Headquarters following its admission as the 193rd Member State. UN/E. Schneider

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=first+sudanese+civil+war&tbm=isch&imgil=VU2M7JV1vDrx7M%253A%253Bpp5rhfMoVtBp4M%253Bhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fwww.getreligio

 

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=39034#.WNVblm_yjIU

The Darfur Genocide

http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/darfur-genocide

The “Darfur Genocide” refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women, and children in Western Sudan. The killings began in 2003, as the first genocide in the 21st century.  Unrest and violence persist today.

The genocide is being carried out by a group of government-armed and funded Arab militias known as the Janjaweed (which loosely translates to ‘devils on horseback’). The Janjaweed systematically destroy Darfurians by burning villages, looting economic resources, polluting water sources, and murdering, raping, and torturing civilians. These militias are historic rivals of the main rebel groups, the Sudanese Liberation Movement (SLM), and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). As of today, over 480,000 people have been killed, and over 2.8 million people are displaced.

Sudan is the largest country in Africa. Located in Northeastern Africa, it borders the Red Sea and falls between Egypt, Chad, Uganda, as well as six other countries. The capitol, Khartoum, is in the Northeastern part of the country. Darfur is a region in Western Sudan that encompasses an area roughly the size of Spain. The population of Darfur is estimated at 6,000,000 people. The conflict in Darfur has also increased tensions in neighboring Chad and the Central African Republic as hundreds of thousands of refugees stream over the two countries’ borders to escape violence.

Following independence from Britain in 1956, Sudan became embroiled in two prolonged civil wars for most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab, southern Sudanese. Competition for scarce resources played a large role. As nomads began to compete for grazing land, traditional reconciliation measures were no longer able to settle disputes, causing the region to become increasingly militarized. The complexities of desertification, famines, and the civil war raging between North and South Sudan contributed to a rise in regional tensions during the 1980s. Similarly, as oil was discovered in Western Sudan, the Sudanese government and international contributors became increasingly interested in the land in Darfur.

Internally displaced persons

The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 4 million people being displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than 2 million deaths over a period of two decades. As the civil war between the North and the South reached its peak in the 1990’s, the government ignored reports of rising violence in Darfur.

While the Comprehensive Peace Agreement ended the North-South War in 2005, granting additional political power to South Sudan, it failed to take into account the effects of the war on Darfur. Additionally, Darfur remained underdeveloped and marginalized at the federal level, lacking infrastructure and development assistance. This neglect, combined with allegations that the government was arming Arab tribesmen (Janjaweed) to raid non-Arab villages, was cited as the justification for a February 2003 rebel attack on a Sudanese Air Force Base at El Fasher, North Darfur. This attack sparked a series of government reprisals on residents of Darfur, contributing to the large-scale human rights atrocities facing Darfurian civilians today.

Failed peace talks have allowed for the continuation of the conflict. The most successful talks thus far took place in Abuja in 2005-2006, leading to the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA). Present at these negotiations were the Sudanese government and three main rebel groups: the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Abdel Wahid Mohamed al-Nur’s faction of the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM), and Minni Minawi’s faction of the SLM. However, multiple negotiations have thus far been largely unsuccessful.

Armed Janjaweed Militia

Early in 2008, the UN issued a hybrid United Nations-African Union mission (UNAMID) to maintain peace in Darfur. UNAMID, with a projected strength of 26,000 troops, was authorized to use force to protect civilians. Despite this mandate, however, only 9,000 were sent, and they lacked the necessary equipment to carry out their mission.

On March 4, 2009, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Bashir for crimes against humanity and, in July 2010, a warrant for arrest on charges of genocide. The government of Sudan, however, has yet to turn him over, and since the issuance of the warrants, the country has seen major protests and increased violence. The government has also forcefully expelled aid agencies from the country that has further jeopardized the conditions for thousands of displaced and marginalized civilians.

President Omar al-Bashir

It is expected that al-Bashir will not face trial at the International Criminal Court in The Hague until he is apprehended in a nation which accepts the ICC’s jurisdiction. Sudan is not a state party to the Rome Statute, the international treaty creating the ICC, which it signed but didn’t ratify. By all accounts, al-Bashir should be a prisoner in his own country. However, the Arab League has announced its solidarity with al-Bashir. Since the warrant, he has visited Qatar and Egypt. Both countries have refused to arrest him and the African Union also condemned the arrest warrant and asked the United Nations Security Council to delay its enforcement.

The Sudanese government and JEM signed a ceasefire agreement in February 2010, with a tentative agreement to pursue further peace. However, talks have been disrupted by accusations that the Sudanese army continues to launch raids and air strikes against Darfur villages.

The Janjaweed have also been accused of incursions and attacks in neighboring Chad. Hundreds of aid workers in Chad have already been evacuated due to increased tension between rebel groups and military forces. Meanwhile, the Janjaweed have ventured deep into Chad to conduct assaults, resulting in the fleeing of nearly 100,000 Chadians.

In July 2011, South Sudan gained independence and became its own nation. During the same month, the Liberation and Justice Movement, an umbrella organization representing rebel groups, and the Sudanese government signed the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD). This document represents the process of peace in Darfur; however, little progress has been made after the document was signed because of lack of implementation and enforcement.

As 2013 began, there was violence between Abbala/Rezeigat and Beni Hussein tribes over goldmines. This left thousands displaced and many dead. Conflicts between communities in Central Darfur spread to South Darfur, displacing tens of thousands of people in April 2013.

The UN estimates that approximately 130,000 people were displaced in 2015 in an unverified report. Out of approximately 7.5 million people living in Darfur, the UN estimates that over 3 million are still heavily impacted by the conflict.

Burning Village

Attacks on Darfuri villages commonly begin with Sudanese Air Force bombings. Air campaigns are often followed by Janjaweed militia raids. All remaining village men, women, and children are either murdered or forced to flee. Looting, burning food stocks, enslaving and raping women and children, and stealing livestock are common. Dead bodies are tossed in wells to contaminate water supplies and entire villages are burned to the ground.

The on-going conflict in Darfur, Sudan was declared “genocide” by United States Secretary of State Colin Powell on September 9, 2004, in testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. On February 18, 2006, President George W. Bush called for the number of international troops in Darfur to be doubled.

On September 17, 2006, British Prime Minister Tony Blair wrote an open letter to the members of the European Union calling for a unified response to the crisis. In supporting the United Nations Security Council Resolution in 2007 to authorize the deployment of up to 26,000 peacekeepers to try to stop the violence in Darfur, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said in a speech before the General Assembly of the United Nations, the Darfur crisis was “the greatest humanitarian disaster the world faces today.”  The British government also endorsed the International Criminal Court’s ruling regarding Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and has urged the Sudanese government to co-operate.

Victims of Genocide

Both China and Russia have worked to block many United Nations resolutions in attempts to appease the Sudanese government. From its seat on the United Nations Security Council, China has been Sudan’s chief diplomatic ally. China invests heavily in Sudanese oil. The country is China’s largest oversees oil provider. Sudan’s military is supplied by Chinese-made helicopters, tanks, fighter planes, bombers, rocket launch propelled grenades, and machine guns.

For decades, Russia and China have maintained a strong economic and politically strategic partnership. The countries opposed UN peace keeping troops in the Sudan. Russia strongly supports Sudan’s territorial integrity and opposes the creation of an independent Darfuri state. Also, Russia is Sudan’s strongest investment partner and political ally in Europe. Russia considers Sudan as an important global ally in the African continent.

http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/darfur-genocide

‘The British people took a leap in the dark and landed safely’

The Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir took a leap in the Dark through the most treacherous travel and ended in gloomy darkness whereas the Colombian President Santos took a leap in the dark and landed in bright Luminance safely! Santos has managed to revive peace to his country while Bashir continues trying all his eroded regime efforts to enhance the suffering of the people of his country.

Darfur Genocide, 2003 – present

Darfur Genocide, 2003 – present

© World Without Genocide 2013 www.worldwithoutgenocide.org/Darfur

 

The Sudanese government trains and arms Arab militias to kill, terrorize and destroy the predominantly non-Arab Darfur region in Sudan.

Where?

Darfur is a region in Western Sudan that encompasses an area roughly the size of Spain.

The population of Darfur is estimated at 6 million people. Hundreds of thousands of

refugees have fled into neighboring Chad and the Central African Republic.

When?

Following independence from Britain in 1956, Sudan became embroiled in two prolonged civil wars for most of the remainder

of the 20th century. Competition for scarce resources played a large role in these conflicts. Oil was discovered in western

Sudan and the Sudanese government and international contributors became increasingly interested in the land in Darfur. The

genocide in Darfur began in 2003 and continues today, driven by conflict between largely Arab grazers and non-Arab farmers.

Who?

Government-supported Arab tribesman (Janjaweed) systematically raid non-Arab

villages in Darfur, killing and terrorizing the people and burning the villages. The goal

is to remove the non-Arab farmers from the land to create a Pan-Arab state.

How?

Attacks on Darfuri villages commonly begin with Sudanese Air Force bombings

followed by Janjaweed militia raids. All remaining village men, women, and children

are murdered or forced to flee. Looting, burning of food stocks, enslaving and raping

women and children, and stealing livestock are common. Dead bodies are tossed in

wells to contaminate water supplies and entire villages are burned to the ground.

In 2004, the United States declared the on-going conflict in Darfur to be ‘genocide.’ In 2006, President Bush called for the

number of international troops in Darfur to be doubled. British Prime Minister Tony Blair called upon the members of the

European Union for a unified response to the crisis.

In 2008, the UN issued a hybrid United Nations-African Union mission (UNAMID) to maintain peace in Darfur. A UNAMID force

of 26,000 troops was authorized to use force to protect civilians, but despite this mandate, too few were sent and they lacked

the necessary equipment to carry out their mission.

In 2009, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Bashir for crimes against

humanity and, in 2010, a warrant for arrest on charges of genocide. The government of Sudan has yet to turn him over to the

Court and, since the issuance of the warrants, the country has seen increased violence. The government forcefully expelled aid

agencies, further jeopardizing the conditions for thousands of displaced and marginalized civilians.

In attempts to appease the Sudanese government, China and Russia, both permanent members of the Security Council, have

blocked many United Nations resolutions. China is Sudan’s chief diplomatic ally and invests heavily in Sudanese oil. Sudan’s

military is supplied by Chinese-made tanks, fighter planes, bombers, rocket launch propelled grenades, and machine guns. For

decades, Russia and China have maintained a strong economic and politically strategic partnership. Russia is Sudan’s strongest

investment partner and political ally in Europe.

According to the United Nations, more than 2.7 million people are internally displaced and more than 350,000 are refugees in

neighboring Chad. More than 400,000 have been killed; approximately 5,000 people die each month. The Sudanese

government denies any culpability for the violence, displacement, and death.

 

http://arabic.cnn.com/middleeast/2015/03/26/sudan-yemen-houthi-attacks

Sudan announces its participation in the Saudi-led alliance against the Houthis in Yemen

السودان يعلن مشاركته بالتحالف الذي تقوده السعودية ضد الحوثيين في اليمن

In the table below the Colombian President Santos VS the Sudanese President al-Bashir are Compared and Contrasted at a glance:

Data Santos Bashir
Full Name Juan Manuel Santos Calderón Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir
Date of Birth 10 August 1951 01 January 1944
Qualifications B.A. in economics and business at the University of Kansas (1973) USA Before taking the helm, Bashir was a Brigadier General and commander in the Sudan Armed Force (SAF)
Date of inauguration 7 August 2010 30 June 1989
In Power Since 7 August 2010 30 June 1989
What each of them achieved globally through his work 2016 Nobel Peace Prize the International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted President Bashir of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in  Darfur
 Came to power after Predecessor President Álvaro Uribe Vélez Prime Minister al-Sadiq al-Mahdi
Party Social Party of National Unity National Congress Party
Number of predecessors in the helm of the country Santos is the 32nd and current President of Colombia Bashir is the 6th President of Sudan since the Independence of Sudan in 1956
Rebel Groups Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) & National Liberation Army (ELN) Sudan Liberation Army/Movement (SLA/M) & Sudanese Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)
Number of people killed Colombian conflict has killed 220,000 in 55 years and more than five million civilians were forced from their homes between 1985 – 2012, The number of people killed in the conflict in Darfur is hard to determine. The United Nations says as many as 300,000 may have died since 2003 – Khartoum puts the figure closer to 10,000.
 Beginning of the Conflict The FARC group was founded in 1964, when it declared its intention to overthrow the government and install a Marxist regime. The Conflict in Darfur began in February 26 2003
Capital Bogotá Khartoum
Currency

 

 Colombian peso Sudanese Pound
Population 47.12 million (2013) 37.96 million (2013)
Official language

 

 Spanish Arabic
National Flag
 The Date at which the flag adopted adopted on November 26, 1861 Adopted on: 20 May 1970
Size in square miles 1,138,903 square kilometers (439,733 square miles) Situated in northeast Africa, Sudan was the largest country on the continent, before the cessation of the South Sudan in 2010 when it was covering an area of 2,505,810 sq. km (967,499 sq. mi),Now shrank into only 1,886,068 km2 (728,215 square miles)
GDP per capita $8,076 (2014) (nominal, 71st) $14,171 (2015) (PPP) 1,753.38 USD (2013) World Bank
Country Map
Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Never Used and

3 Oct 2006 – Colombia had signed all treaties on weapons of mass destruction under which the nuclear-weapon States would not use, or threaten to use. 

Amnesty International has gathered harrowing evidence strongly suggesting the repeated use of chemical weapons against civilians, including very young children, in Jebel Marra – one the most remote parts of Darfur.
The duration of the war in each of the two countries Start date: 1964

52 years

Start date: 2003

14 years

Number of people Died during the Conflict 220,000 people have died in the Colombian conflict between 1958 and 2013 The (UN) says as many as 300,000 may have died since 2003 – Khartoum puts the figure closer to 10,000.31 Jul 2014
Rebel Groups involved in the Conflict left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN) Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups
Involvement of Proxy Militias in the Conflict There are only liberal and communist militants, namely (FARC) and (ELN) but no government allied militias but   the Colombian drug cartels exist The Janjaweed Rapid Support Force (RSF) are the (GoS) Proxy militias that operate in Darfur, western Sudan, and eastern Chad. The term janjawīd, formed from the Triad of Arabic words for “man”, “gun” and “horse”; also transliterated Janjawid)
Existence of Racist Rhetoric in the war 78.5 percent of Afro-Colombians live below the poverty line and barriers like racial discrimination exist Yet few Colombians, let alone foreigners, are paying attention. The GoS has created an environment of fear, hate and racism in the universities and Darfuri students are experiencing [an] unprecedented racist bloody campaign by the ruling party’s student militias as well as the national intelligence and security service (NISS).

 

Times of the greatest intensity follow close on the heels of racially inflammatory rhetoric by the Sudanese government and militia leaders. The Sudanese government is enlisting the help of Arab militias to destroy the black African population in Darfur. This has destroyed the national social fabric to a great extent.

Separatist Secessionist Tendencies The Department of Antioquia and its capital city is Medellin   is one of the 32 departments of Colombia between autonomism and secessionism? South Sudan officially became the Republic of South Sudan that gained its independence from Sudan in on 7 February 2011, the referendum commission published the final results, with 98.83% voting in favour of independence taking with it one third of the land and population along with three quarters of the Oil!
The continent to which the Country belongs Colombia is a transcontinental country largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Sudan is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in the African continent.
The ethnic or national affiliation that the ruling regime in the country officially adopts The Colombian Constitution of 1991 abolished the previous condition of the Roman Catholic Church as state church It includes two articles providing for freedom of worship:

  • Art. 13: States that “all people are legally born free and equal” and that they will not be discriminated on the basis of “sex, race, national or familial origin, language, religion, political or philosophical opinion”

 

Arabism, allegiance to the Arab race, membership of the League of Arab States, Islamic religion and no other religion after the secession of southern Sudan, as announced by the President of Sudan Marshal Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir.
Government Efforts for National  reconciliation with the Opposition factions  and the citizens of the country Public Dialogue on Peace and Reconciliation in Colombia

Public dialogue examines the Colombia civil conflict, bringing together political leaders from different sides of the conflict. They will discuss (in a fluid dialogue format) their experiences within the Colombian peace process and lessons for the current context of talks between the Colombian government and the FARC rebel group

The 4-year long National Dialogue – Wathba Satirically-  is thought by the average Sudanese as a sort of hypocrisy and a maneuver to gain time in power and to distract the opposition and remove them away from issues of concern to the people as well as a mere laughingstock اضحوكة  to the Sudanese people.
whether the respective country has been participating in a regional or in an international war for a financial return None Sudan has participated in the Saudi Arabian-led alliance against the Houthis in Yemen codenamedOperation Decisive Storm’  in favour of the government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. $ 2,000 per month will be paid to each Sudanese soldier for military service in Yemen within the coalition forces.
The Identity of the people of the country Citizenship Identity in Dilemma


220,000 people have died in the Colombian conflict between 1958 and 2013

The number of people killed in the conflict in Darfur is hard to determine. The United Nations (UN) says as many as 300,000 may have died since 2003 – 2014

Who are the Janjaweed? They are government of Sudan allied militias who fight a proxy war on behalf of the (GoS).

The Janjaweed (Arabic: جنجويد janjawīd, formed from the Arabic words for “man”, “gun” and “horse”; also transliterated Janjawid) are a militia that operate in Darfur, western Sudan, and eastern Chad.

 

CapitalBogotá

PresidentJuan Manuel Santos

Currency: Colombian peso

Population: 47.12 million (2013) World Bank

Official language: Spanish

         

Juan Manuel Santos Calderón (Spanish: [xwan maˈnwel ˈsantos kaldeˈɾon]; born 10 August 1951), GColIH is the 32nd and current President of Colombia and sole recipient of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize.

Social Party of National Unity · 2016 Nobel Peace Prize ·

Who was the first president of Colombia?

The first president, General Simón Bolívar, took office in 1819. His position, initially self-proclaimed, was subsequently ratified by Congress. The current president of the Republic of Colombia is Juan Manuel Santos, who took office on 7 August 2010.

When Juan Manuel Santos was elected president?

On 20 June 2010, after two rounds of voting in the Presidential election, Juan Manuel Santos Calderón was officially elected as President of Colombia and was inaugurated on 7 August 2010 in the midst of a diplomatic crisis with Venezuela, which was quickly resolved.

 

Omer al-Bashir took office as a President of Sudan on Friday 30 June 1989 through a military coup d état. 

Juan Manuel Santosin full Juan Manuel Santos Calderón (born August 10, 1951, Bogotá, Colombia), Colombian politician who cofounded (2005) the Social Party of National Unity (Partido Social de Unidad Nacional, or Partido de la U), later served as president of Colombia (2010– ), and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2016 for his efforts to end the protracted war with the Marxist guerrilla organization FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia; “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia”).

Santos was born into an influential political family. His great-uncle Eduardo Santos Montejo was Colombia’s president from 1938 to 1942, and his cousin Francisco Santos Calderón served as vice president (2002–10) under Álvaro Uribe Vélez. The family also founded El Tiempo, one of the country’s largest newspapers. Santos attended the Naval Academy of Cartagena before traveling to the United States to earn a B.A. in economics and business at the University of Kansas (1973). After graduating, he headed the Colombian delegation to the London-based International Coffee Organization. While there Santos earned a master’s degree in economics, economic development, and public administration from the London School of Economics. He added a master’s degree in public administration from Harvard University (1981) before returning to Colombia to work as an editor at El Tiempo, where his reporting earned him a number of accolades.

 

Santos resigned his cabinet post in 2009 to run for the presidency. His promise to continue the policies of Uribe, who was constitutionally barred from seeking a third term, proved popular with voters. Santos received 47 percent of the ballots in the first round of polling in May 2010, and in the second round, held on June 20, he secured 69 percent of the vote in a landslide victory. Santos took office on August 7, 2010.

The fate of President of the National Congress Party (NCP) in Sudan, Field Marshal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir who has been in power he took over through a Military Coup d’état 28 years ago and continued ruling his country using Nominal but fake rigged electoral process throughout contrary to the principles of elections, will inevitably come to an end akin to that of the 22 years in power of the former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh who came to an inglorious end. As for the highly respected and exalted peacemaker Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, when his term in office comes to an end, he is Certainly would follow the well-established democratic principles of peaceful exchange of power through free, fair and transparent democratic general elections in the presence of international observers and he hands over power to those chosen by the willing majority of the people of his country.

If you can’t beat them join them principle is a null and void here!

There are a number of phrases and words; they are words of “truth” but meant to be used for the worst in the era of what is known as the Islamic National Front (NIF) or the National Congress Party (NCP). There is much that many do not know from the plans of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party to stay in power using all that is criminal using the principle of the end justifies the means along with the attempt at secret plan called the Shiite Dissimulation and the Freemasonry deceit sanctioned as halal by the Fatwas of the Clerics allied to the Front (NIF) or the National Congress Party (NCP) in the embattled Sudan. There is one important  question among the so many unanswered ones is as to whether Omer al-Bashir  can escape the shadow of the ICC haunting him day and night in his stay and or in his departure/travel?!

Omar al-Bashir Imagines that he is like the Pharaoh, who thought that everything in the world of Egypt belongs to him and that his opinion is above all opinions and he sees only what he sees or so as his actions towards the people of Sudan show. There is no reason to believe that the foregoing is not the case in the minds of the tyrant.

The kind of the foregoing study can go on further if one tried to convince everyone; It is not possible to please everyone especially those who dispute in order to refute the truth with false argument.

Francis Bacon- (1561-1626) Philosopher, British Lord Chancellor has been quoted as saying: “Men prefer to believe what they prefer to be true.” 

http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/63465-man-prefers-to-believe-what-he-prefers-to-be-true

Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is https://thussudan.wordpress.com/

 

They once said “the impossible are three the existence of ghouls, the phoenix and the faithful friend”!

قالوا قديماً “المستحيلات ثلاثة الغول والعنقاء والخل الوفي،

 

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